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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS058-103-80 Date: Oct. 1993
Geographic Region: JAPAN

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  View Low-Resolution Image  
  STS058-103-80 Tokyo, Japan October 1993
The Tokyo-Yokohama-Kawasaki urban area is the world's largest metropolis. The area's combined 1990 population exceeded 26 million. The docking facilities around the periphery of Tokyo Bay reflect the country's emphasis on international trade. Although volcanism, earthquakes, and plate tectonics modify the physiography of Japan, no volcanoes are visible in this photograph. The Tokyo region has a dynamic environmental history because of its proximity to the intersection of three major, active tectonic plates (Eurasian, Pacific, and Philippine) that collide southwest of Tokyo Bay. Much of the industrial infrastructure around Tokyo Bay has been built on landfill materials, from which artificial islands are sometimes created. Because landfill materials can liquefy during earthquakes, there is concern that a major earthquake could generate tremendous destruction in this densely populated area. In spite of strict building regulations that have been imposed during recent decades, a major earthquake could have a calamitous impact on this area and all of Japan.

Japan's modern megalopolis is seen in this nadir view in great detail. More than 80 vessels can be seen at the anchorage's in Tokyo Bay. The gardens of the Emperor's Palace are seen in this circular area in the upper left quadrant.

Shuttle photography is a good tool to document major changes of coastal features over time. This slide of Tokyo Bay shows an example of land use of coastal areas. Tokyo bay has undergone reclamation. In this case reclamation means building landfills out into the bay rather than recovering land that once existed. Its infill rate is 10 km2 / year
between 1960 and 1980; the bay has reduced in size by 20 % during that time.
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 133k
Mission: STS058  
Roll - Frame: 103 - 80
Geographical Name: JAPAN  
Center Lat x Lon: 35.5N x 140.0E
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 0
Camera: HB
Camera Tilt: 17   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 250  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: N   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: Y   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 86  
Date: 19931023   YYYYMMDD
Time: 223823   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 34.8N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 140.3E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 120   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 150   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 19   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: PLAIN, HILL  
Water Views: BAY, SEDIMENT  
Atmosphere Views:  
City Views: TOKYO  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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