STS61C-50-90
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Spacecraft nadir point: 28.5° S, 26.4° E

Photo center point: 28.5° S, 30.0° E

Nadir to Photo Center: East

Spacecraft Altitude: 178 nautical miles (330km)
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Image Caption: 150 km from the Indian Ocean, the southern African plateau drops
away in a dramatic escarpment towards the sea. This feature, the
Great Escarpment, appears clearly on this south-looking scene
(arrows), dividing the High Veld at 1800 m (right) from the coa-
stal lowlands of Natal Province (left). Muddy lakes Woodstock
(1) and Spioenkop ("Lookout hill," scene of a battle during the
Anglo-Boer War of 1899)(2) hold back water of South Africa's
largest east coast river, the Tugela (3). Water from these lakes
is pumped up and over a low point in the Escarpment to Sterkfon-
tein Dam (4), providing a crucial new source of water for the ra-
pidly expanding industrial heartland of South Africa, the
Witwatersrand (200 km northwest). Next to a prominent flat-
topped hill (5) lies the boom town of Harrismith, named for a
British governor. (61C-50-0090)