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Spacecraft nadir point: 7.7° N, 78.7° E

Photo center point: 9.5° N, 79.0° E

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Nadir to Photo Center: North

Spacecraft Altitude: 195 nautical miles (361km)
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Image Caption: STS044-74-55, STS044-82-73, STS044-86-9 (CIR): TIP OF INDIA
These three slides show the tip of India (the state of Tamil Nadu) and the Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri Lanka. Land use patterns in this region are unique. In the view from air and space, these unique land use patterns present an intriguing landscape dotted with large and small water tanks and earthen dams used for rice cultivation. In the ancient mode of irrigation for the region,
depressions in the sandy soil materials and a dam called a bund is created. Early British geographers labeled this region as Southern Indian Tank Country. These tanks are filled by the heavy rains, and larger tanks remain filled even in dry weather.