[Skip to content]
ISS056-E-5470
Browse image
Resolutions offered for this image:
3712 x 5568 pixels 720 x 540 pixels 5568 x 3712 pixels 640 x 427 pixels
Cloud masks available for this image:

MAP LOCATION
latitude/longitude of image
Spacecraft nadir point: 9.9° N, 51.3° E

Photo center point: 11.8° N, 51.1° E

Nadir to Photo Center: North

Spacecraft Altitude: 219 nautical miles (406km)
Click for Google map
IMAGE DETAILS
features and other details
CAMERA INFORMATION
information about camera used
ALL DOWNLOAD OPTIONS
additional formats
Width Height Annotated Cropped Purpose Links
3712 pixels 5568 pixels No No NASA's Earth Observatory web site Download Image
720 pixels 540 pixels Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site Download Image
5568 pixels 3712 pixels No No Download Image
640 pixels 427 pixels No No Download Image
Other options available:
Download Packaged File
Download a Google Earth KML for this Image
View photo footprint information
Image Caption: The Horn of Africa, Somalia

An astronaut aboard the International Space Station (ISS) shot this photograph of the Horn of Africa, the easternmost portion of the continent. Raas Caseyr, historically known as Cape Guardafui, lies at the junction between the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. The coastline is rugged, with mountains, dry river beds, a small delta, and steep cliffs that cast shadows on the landscape.

This arid region is an extension of the Saharan and Arabian deserts. Strong southerly winds are common from May to October during the southwest monsoon season (when this image was taken). The winds transport sand across the cape and create a series of dunes (visible in the high-resolution download of this image). Sand is then transported into the Gulf as streamers that contrast with the darker sea surface.

Dust storms are common in the Gulf of Aden-Red Sea region and have been photographed by astronauts on other occasions, including a wind storm near the southern Red Sea and a plume from Egypt. In May 2018, approximately one month before this image was taken, Somalia was hit by a tropical cyclone - a rare event for the region because dry desert air typically weakens storms.