|NASA Photo ID||ISS010-E-13393|
|Time taken||12:29:41 GMT|
540 x 357 pixels 1000 x 661 pixels 540 x 405 pixels 3032 x 2064 pixels 639 x 435 pixels
|Kodak DCS760c Electronic Still Camera|
|3060E: 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array|
|540 pixels||357 pixels||Yes||Yes||Earth From Space collection||Download Image|
|1000 pixels||661 pixels||No||Yes||NASA's Earth Observatory web site||Download Image|
|540 pixels||405 pixels||Yes||Yes||NASA's Earth Observatory web site||Download Image|
|3032 pixels||2064 pixels||No||No||Download Image|
|639 pixels||435 pixels||No||No||Download Image|
Located approximately 50 kilometers northeast of Tehran, Mt. Damavand is an impressive stratovolcano that reaches 5,670 meters (18,598 feet) in elevation. Part of the Alborz Mountain Range that borders the Caspian Sea to the north, Damavand is a young volcano that has formed mostly during the Holocene Epoch (over approximately the last 10,000 years). The western flank of the volcano includes solidified lava flows with flow levees--"walls" formed as the side edges of flowing lava cooled rapidly, forming a chute that channeled the hotter, interior lava. Two such flows with well-defined levees are highlighted by snow on the mountainside.
Damavand is the highest peak in Iran and the highest volcano in the Middle East. The mountain and its surrounding areas are popular hiking, climbing, and skiing destinations. While no historic eruptions of the volcano are recorded, hot springs on the flanks of the volcano and fumaroles (steam vents) in the summit crater suggest that a hot or cooling magma body is still present beneath the volcano. This continuing activity, while minor, indicates a dormant rather than extinct volcano.