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Camera Speculations
Kodak DCS460 Electronic Still Camera
  • Image storage on removable PC cards, Type III; 42 images per 260 MB
  • 12 bits/color
  • Normal operation for camera exposure with all metering modes available
  • 18.4 x 27.6-mm imager magnifies focal length only 1.3X
  • SCSI interface with host
  • DCS 460 Color: ISO 80
  • DCS 460 Mono: ISO 160
  • Continuous-frame capture rate of approximately 12 seconds/image
  • 250 images per battery charge, with 1 hour to recharge
  • AC adapter/charger power requirements: 50/60 Hz, 100, 120, 220, 240 V AC
  • Approximate size: 6.7 in. W x 4.5 in. D x 8.2 in. H (170 mm x 114 mm x 208 mm)
  • Weight (without lens): 3.75 lbs. (1.70 kg)
  • Certified FCC Class B, UL, CSA, TUV
Kodak DCS660 Electronic Still Camera
  • ISO Range: 80 to 200
  • Battery life of up to 100 shots or unlimited number with AC adapter
  • Bit depth: 36-bit color (12 bits per color) original capture
  • Burst rate: 1 f/sec, min. 3 frames buffered before PC Card write
  • Image size: 3040 x 2008 pixels
  • Size: 7.6 in. (194 mm) tall, 6.2 in. (158 mm) wide, 3.4 in. (88 mm) deep
  • Weight: 3.49 lbs. (1.58 kg) without lens
  • Conforms to FCC Class B, CE Mark
  • Class B Declaration, VCCI Class 2 Certified
Kodak DCS760 Electronic Still Camera
  • ISO Settings: 80 to 400
  • 6-megapixel CCD (3032 x 2008)
  • 18 MB finished file size
  • Bit depth: 36-bit color (12 bits per color) original capture
  • Removable, rechargeable NiMH battery
  • IR filter included
  • 1.3X focal length
  • Dual PC card slots,Type II, III
  • Optional anti-aliasing filter
  • Size:
    • 7.6 in. (194 mm) tall
    • 6.2 in. (158 mm) wide
    • 3.4 in. (88 mm) deep
  • Weight: 4.1 lbs (1.86 kg) with battery and PC card, without lens
  • Conforms to FCC Class B, CE Mark
  • Class B Declaration, VCCI Class B Certified
Nikon D1
  • Single-lens reflex digital camera with interchangeable lenses
  • Image sensor: 23.7 x 15.6mm, 12-bit RGB CCD with 2.7 million pixels, effective pixel count 2.66 million pixels (2,012 x 1,324 pixels)
  • Image size: 2,000 x 1,312 pixels
  • Sensetivity: 200, 400, 800, 1600 (ISO equivalent)
  • Single frame shooting, capture-preview and record-and-review modes available
  • Continuous shooting, approx. 4.5 fps, max. 21 consecutive shots
  • LCD monitor: 2-inch, low temperature polysilicon TFT, 114,000 pixels, adjustable brightness
  • Image size: 24 x 36mm
  • Lense mount: Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
  • Shutter: Combined electronic (CCD) and mechanical shutter
  • Dimensions: Approx. 157 (W) x 153 (H) x 86 (D) mm (6.2 x 6.1 x 3.4 in.)
Nikon D2Xs
  • Single-lens reflex digital camera with interchangeable lenses
  • Image sensor: 23.7 x 15.7mm, 12-bit RGBG CMOS sensor with 12.84 million pixels, effective pixel count 12.4 million pixels (4,288 x 2,848 pixels)
  • Image size: 4,288 x 2,848 pixels
  • Sensitivity: 200,400,800,1600 (ISO equivalent)
  • Single frame shooting, capture-preview and record-and-review modes available
  • Continuous shooting: approx. 5 fps up to 17 compressed RAW images
  • LCD monitor: 2.5-inch, low temperature polysilicon TFT, 230,000-dots, adjustable brightness
  • Image size: 24 x 36mm
  • Lense mount: Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
  • Shutter: Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal plane
  • Dimensions: Approx. 157.5 (W) x 149.5 (H) x 85.5 (D) mm (6.2 x 5.9 x 3.4 in.)
Nikon D3
  • Nikon's original FX-format CMOS image sensor with 36.0 (H) x 23.9 (V) mm image size; 12.1 effective megapixels
  • Compatible with three image-sensor formats - FX format (36 x 24), 5:4 (30 x 24) and DX format (24 x 16)
  • Sensitivity range ISO 200 to 6400 at normal setting for exceptionally high-quality images; can be set to ISO-equivalent 25,600
  • Incorporates Nikon's original EXPEED digital image processing concept
  • Nikon's original Scene Recognition system, utilizing the 1,005-pixel RGB sensor, greatly improves auto-focus, auto exposure and auto white balance performance
  • New 51-point auto-focus system features 15 cross-type sensors that maximize the potential of lenses with apertures as small as f/5.6
  • High-speed continuous shooting at approx. 9 frames per second [FX format (36 x 24)/5:4 (30 x 24)]/approx. 11 fps [DX format (24 x 16)] *1
  • Newly employed Picture Control System enables creation of desired picture with preferred tones
  • Accurate focal-plane contrast AF*2 available with built-in Liveview mode
  • Wireless Transmitter WT-4*3 (optional) realizes wireless connection of cameras with a PC, enabling thumbnail display of images taken with up to five of them, and downloading of images selected
  • CF card double slot accepts two CF cards
  • Quick response with approx. 0.12 sec. startup time and 37 ms Shutter-release time lag
  • Viewfinder with approx. 100% frame coverage and approx. 0.7x magnification in FX format
  • High-definition (920,000 dots), 170° viewing angle, 3-inch VGA LCD monitor with tempered glass
  • Active D-Lighting optimizes tone reproduction in both shadows and highlights
*1 With Continuous-servo AF, S or M exposure mode, shutter speed 1/250 sec. or faster; other settings are set at "Default".
*2 When Tripod mode is selected.
*3 Specifications differ depending on country or area.

Nikon D3X
  • Nikon FX-format CMOS image sensor with 24.5 effective megapixels
  • Exceptional noise control from ISO 100 to ISO 1600
  • Fast 14-bit A/D conversion incorporated onto the image sensor for high signal-to-noise ratio and low power consumption
  • Nikon’s EXPEED image-processing system, utilizing a supremely powerful CPU with 16-bit image processing
  • Near-instantaneous shutter release time lag of approx. 0.04 second (based on CIPA Guideline)*
  • 5-frames-per-second continuous shooting in FX format and 7 fps in DX crop mode (up to 130 frames)*
  • 51-point Multi-CAM3500FX auto-focus system
  • Scene Recognition System for more accurate AF, AE, and AWB results
  • Active D-Lighting for complete control over highlight and shadow detail
  • Picture Control: Standard, Vivid, Neutral and Monochrome (Landscape, Portrait and D2x Modes I, II and III are available free via download)
  • Live View mode for shooting handheld and with a tripod
  • High-resolution (approx. 920k dots), 3-inch VGA-size LCD monitor with tempered glass
  • Durable, lightweight magnesium-alloy construction and comprehensive weather sealing against dust and moisture
  • Intelligent power management that lets you shoot up to approx. 4,400 frames on a single battery charge (based on CIPA Standards)**
  • Compatibility with the Nikon Total Imaging System
*In 12-bit A/D conversion mode
**Using EN-EL4a lithium-ion battery at Single-frame [S] mode

Nikon D3S
  • Effective Pixels: 12.1 million
  • Image Sensor Format: FX
  • Image Sensor Type: CMOS
  • Total Pixels: 12.87 million
  • Nikon-original FX-format CMOS Sensor
  • Image Area (pixels) FX-format: (L) 4256 x 2832 (M) 3184 x 2120 (S) 2128 x 1416
  • Image Area (pixels) 1:2 format: (30 x 20) (L) 3,552 x 2,368 (M) 2,656 x 1,776 (S) 1,776 x 1,184
  • Image Area (pixels) 5:4 format: (30 x 24) (L) 3552 x 2832 (M) 2656 x 2120 (S) 1776 x 1416
  • Image Area (pixels) DX-format: (L) 2784 x 1848 (M) 2080 x 1384 (S) 1392 x 920
  • File Format: Uncompressed 12/14-bit NEF (RAW)Compressed 12/14-bit NEF (RAW, Lossless compressed): approx. 60-80 percentCompressed 12/14-bit NEF (RAW, Compressed): approx. 45-60 percentJPEG: JPEG-baseline-compliant; can be selected from Size Priority and Optimal QualityTIFF (RGB)WAV
  • Fastest Shutter Speed: 1/8000 sec. in steps of 1/31/21 EV
  • Slowest Shutter Speed: 30 sec. in steps of 1/31/21 EV
  • Low Noise ISO Sensitivity from 200 to 12,800
  • Continuous Shooting Up to 9 FPS
  • HD Video Capture
  • 3-Inch Super-density 921,000-dot VGA LCD Monitor
  • Dynamic Integrated Dust Reduction System
  • Nikon EXPEED Image Processing
  • Fast, Accurate 51-Point AF System
  • 1,005-Pixel 3D Color Matrix Metering II
  • Scene Recognition System
  • 100% Viewfinder Coverage
  • Virtual Horizon Graphic Indicator
Nikon D4
  • Type: Single-lens reflex digital camera
  • Lens mount: Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
  • Effective pixels: 16.2 million
  • Image sensor: 36.0 x 23.9 mm CMOS sensor (Nikon FX format)
  • Total pixels: 16.6 million
  • Dust-reduction system: Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (requires optional Capture NX 2 software)
  • Image size (pixels):
  • FX format (36x24): 4,928 x 3,280 [L], 3,696 x 2,456 [M], 2,464 x 1,640 [S]
  • 1.2x (30x20): 4,096 x 2,720 [L], 3,072 x 2,040 [M], 2,048 x 1,360 [S]
  • DX format (24x16): 3,200 x 2,128 [L], 2,400 x 1,592 (M), 1,600 x 1,064 (S)
  • 5:4 (30x24): 4,096 x 3,280 [L], 3,072 x 2,456 [M], 2,048 x 1,640 [S]
  • FX-format photographs taken in movie live view (16:9): 4,928 x 2,768 [L], 3,696 x 2,072 [M], 2,464 x 1,384 [S]
  • DX-format photographs taken in movie live view (16:9): 3,200 x 1,792 [L], 2,400 x 1,344 [M], 1,600 x 896 [S]
  • FX-format photographs taken in movie live view (3:2): 4,928 x 3,280 [L], 3,696 x 2,456 [M], 2,464 x 1,640 [S]
  • DX-format photographs taken in movie live view (3:2): 3,200 x 2,128 [L], 2,400 x 1,592 [M], 1,600 x 1,064 [S]
  • A DX-based format is used for photographs taken using the DX (24x16) 1.5x image area; an FX-based format is used for all other photographs
File format:
  • NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed or uncompressed
  • TIFF (RGB)
  • JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8) or basic (approx. 1:16) compression (Size priority); Optimal quality compression available
  • NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
  • Picture Control System: Can be selected from Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape; selected Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls
  • Media: XQD and Type I CompactFlash memory cards (UDMA compliant)
  • Dual card slots: Either card can be used for primary or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images; pictures can be copied between cards
  • File system: DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System) 2.0, DPOF (Digital Print Order Format), Exif (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras) 2.3, PictBridge
  • Viewfinder: Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder
  • Frame coverage:
    • FX (36x24): Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical
    • 1.2x (30x20): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • DX (24x16): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • 5:4 (30x24): Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical
  • Magnification: Approx. 0.7x (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
  • Eyepoint: 18 mm (-1.0 m-1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
  • Diopter adjustment: -3 to +1 m-1
  • Focusing screen: Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen with AF area brackets and framing grid
  • Reflex mirror: Quick return
  • Depth-of-field preview: When Pv button is pressed, lens aperture is stopped down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)
  • Lens aperture: Instant return, electronically controlled
  • Compatible lenses: Compatible with AF NIKKOR lenses, including type G and D lenses (some restrictions apply to PC-NIKKOR lenses), DX lenses [using DX (24x16) image area], AI-P NIKKOR lenses, and non-CPU AI lenses (exposure modes A and M only); IX-NIKKOR lenses, lenses for the F3AF, and non-AI lenses cannot be used. The electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster (the electronic rangefinder supports the 11 focus points with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster).
  • Shutter Type: Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
  • Shutter Speed: 1/8,000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV, bulb, X250
  • Shutter Flash sync speed: X=1/250 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/250 s or slower
  • Release modes: S (single frame), CL (continuous low speed), CH (continuous high speed), Q (quiet shutter-release), (self-timer), MUP (mirror up)
  • Frame advance rate: Up to approx. 10 fps (CL) or approx. 10 to 11 fps (CH)
  • Self-timer: 2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 s
  • Exposure Metering: TTL exposure metering using RGB sensor with approx. 91K (91,000) pixels
  • Metering method:
    • Matrix: 3D color matrix metering III (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering III (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data
    • Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle or average of entire frame)
    • Spot: Meters 4-mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
  • Range(ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F):
    • Matrix or center-weighted metering: -1 to 20 EV
    • Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV
  • Exposure meter coupling: Combined CPU and AI
  • Exposure modes: Programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M)
  • Exposure compensation: -5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
  • Exposure bracketing: 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV
  • Exposure lock: Luminosity locked at detected value with the center of the sub-selector
  • ISO sensitivity (Recommended Exposure Index): ISO 100 to 12800 in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, 2, 3 or 4 EV (ISO 204800 equivalent) above ISO 12800; auto ISO sensitivity control available
  • Active D-Lighting: Can be selected from auto, extra high +2/+1, high, normal, low or off
  • ADL bracketing: 2 frames using selected value for one frame or 3 to 5 frames using preset values for all frames
  • Auto-focus: Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX auto-focus sensor module with TTL phase detection, fine-tuning, 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors; f/8 supported by 11 sensors)
  • Focus Detection range: -2 to +19 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
  • Lens servo:
    • Auto-focus (AF): Single-servo auto-focus (AF-S); continuous-servo auto-focus (AF-C); predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status
    • Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used
  • Focus point: Can be selected from 51 or 11 focus points
  • AF-area modes: Single-point AF, 9-, 21- or 51-point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, auto-area AF
  • Focus lock: Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo auto-focus) or by pressing the center of the sub-selector
Nikon D800E
  • Type: Single-lens reflex digital camera
  • Lens mount: Nikon F mount (with AF contacts)
  • Effective pixels: 36.3 million
  • Image sensor: 35.9 x 24.0 mm CMOS sensor (Nikon FX format)
  • Total pixels: 36.8 million
  • Dust-reduction system: Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (requires optional Capture NX 2 software)
  • Image size (pixels):
    • FX format (36 x 24): 7,360 x 4,912 (L), 5,520 x 3,680 (M), 3,680 x 2,456 (S)
    • 1.2x (30 x 20): 6,144 x 4,080 (L), 4,608 x 3,056 (M), 3,072 x 2,040 (S)
    • DX format (24 x 16): 4,800 x 3,200 (L), 3,600 x 2,400 (M), 2,400 x 1,600 (S)
    • 5:4 (30 x 24): 6,144 x 4,912 (L), 4,608 x 3,680 (M), 3,072 x 2,456 (S)
    • FX-format photographs taken in movie live view*: 6,720 x 3,776 (L), 5,040 x 2,832 (M), 3,360 x 1,888 (S)
    • DX-format photographs taken in movie live view*: 4,800 x 2,704 (L), 3,600 x 2,024 (M), 2,400 x 1,352 (S)
    • A DX-based format is used for photographs taken using the DX (24x16) 1.5x image area; an FX-based format is used for all other photographs
  • File format:
    • NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed or uncompressed
    • TIFF (RGB)
    • JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8) or basic (approx. 1:16) compression (Size priority); Optimal quality compression available
    • NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
  • Picture Control System: Can be selected from Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape; selected Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls
  • Media: SD (Secure Digital) and UHS-I compliant SDHC and SDXC memory cards; Type I CompactFlash memory cards (UDMA compliant)
  • Dual card slots: Either card can be used for primary or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images; pictures can be copied between cards
  • File system: DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System) 2.0, DPOF (Digital Print Order Format), Exif (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras) 2.3, PictBridge
  • Viewfinder: Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder
  • Frame coverage:
    • FX (36 x 24): Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical
    • 1.2x (30 x 20): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • DX (24 x 16): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • 5:4 (30 x 24): Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical
  • Magnification: Approx. 0.7 x (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
  • Eyepoint: 17 mm (-1.0 m-1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
  • Diopter adjustment: -3 to +1 m-1
  • Focusing screen: Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen with AF area brackets and framing grid
  • Reflex mirror: Quick return
  • Depth-of-field preview: When depth-of-field preview button is pressed, lens aperture is stopped down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)
  • Lens aperture: Instant return, electronically controlled
  • Compatible lenses: Compatible with AF NIKKOR lenses, including type G and D lenses (some restrictions apply to PC-NIKKOR lenses), DX lenses [using DX (24 x 16) image area], AI-P NIKKOR lenses, and non-CPU AI lenses (exposure modes A and M only); IX-NIKKOR lenses, lenses for the F3AF, and non-AI lenses cannot be used.The electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster, employing eleven focus points with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster.
  • Shutter Type: Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
  • Shutter Speed: 1/8,000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV, bulb, X250
  • Shutter Flash sync speed: X = 1/250 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/320 s or slower (flash range drops at speeds between 1/250 and 1/320 s)
  • Release modes: S (single frame), CL (continuous low speed), CH (continuous high speed), Q (quiet shutter-release), (self-timer), MUP (mirror up)
  • Frame advance rate:
    • With EN-EL15 batteries (FX/5:4) CL: approx. 1 to 4 fps, CH: approx. 4 fps, (DX/1.2x) CL: approx. 1 to 5 fps, CH: approx. 5 fps.
    • Other power sources (FX/5:4) CL: approx. 1 to 4 fps, CH: approx. 4 fps, (1.2x) CL: approx. 1 to 5 fps, CH: approx. 5 fps, (DX) CL: approx. 1 to 5 fps, CH: approx. 6 fps.
  • Self-timer: 2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 s
  • Exposure Metering: TTL exposure metering using 91K-pixel RGB sensor
  • Metering method:
    • Matrix: 3D color matrix metering III (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering III (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data
    • Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle or average of entire frame)
    • Spot: Meters 4-mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
  • Range(ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F):
    • Matrix or center-weighted metering: 0 to 20 EV
    • Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV
  • Exposure meter coupling: Combined CPU and AI
  • Exposure modes: Programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture priority auto (A); manual (M)
  • Exposure compensation: -5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
  • Exposure bracketing: 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV
  • Exposure lock: Luminosity locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button
  • ISO sensitivity (Recommended Exposure Index): ISO 100 to 6400 in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1 or 2 EV (ISO 25600 equivalent) above ISO 6400; auto ISO sensitivity control available
  • Active D-Lighting: Can be selected from auto, extra high, high, normal, low or off
  • ADL bracketing: 2 frames using selected value for one frame or 3 to 5 frames using preset values for all frames
  • Auto-focus: Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX auto-focus sensor module with TTL phase detection, fine-tuning, 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors; f/8 supported by 11 central sensors), and AFassist illuminator (range approx. 0.5 to 3 m/1 ft 8 in. to 9 ft 10 in.)
  • Focus Detection range: -2 to +19 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
  • Lens servo:
    • Auto-focus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status
    • Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used
  • Focus point: Can be selected from 51 or 11 focus points
  • AF-area modes: Single-point AF, 9-, 21- or 51-point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, auto-area AF
  • Focus lock: Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button