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Camera Speculations
Kodak DCS460 Electronic Still Camera
  • Image storage on removable PC cards, Type III; 42 images per 260 MB
  • 12 bits/color
  • Normal operation for camera exposure with all metering modes available
  • 18.4 x 27.6-mm imager magnifies focal length only 1.3X
  • SCSI interface with host
  • DCS 460 Color: ISO 80
  • DCS 460 Mono: ISO 160
  • Continuous-frame capture rate of approximately 12 seconds/image
  • 250 images per battery charge, with 1 hour to recharge
  • AC adapter/charger power requirements: 50/60 Hz, 100, 120, 220, 240 V AC
  • Approximate size: 6.7 in. W x 4.5 in. D x 8.2 in. H (170 mm x 114 mm x 208 mm)
  • Weight (without lens): 3.75 lbs. (1.70 kg)
  • Certified FCC Class B, UL, CSA, TUV
Kodak DCS660 Electronic Still Camera
  • ISO Range: 80 to 200
  • Battery life of up to 100 shots or unlimited number with AC adapter
  • Bit depth: 36-bit color (12 bits per color) original capture
  • Burst rate: 1 f/sec, min. 3 frames buffered before PC Card write
  • Image size: 3040 x 2008 pixels
  • Size: 7.6 in. (194 mm) tall, 6.2 in. (158 mm) wide, 3.4 in. (88 mm) deep
  • Weight: 3.49 lbs. (1.58 kg) without lens
  • Conforms to FCC Class B, CE Mark
  • Class B Declaration, VCCI Class 2 Certified
Kodak DCS760 Electronic Still Camera
  • ISO Settings: 80 to 400
  • 6-megapixel CCD (3032 x 2008)
  • 18 MB finished file size
  • Bit depth: 36-bit color (12 bits per color) original capture
  • Removable, rechargeable NiMH battery
  • IR filter included
  • 1.3X focal length
  • Dual PC card slots,Type II, III
  • Optional anti-aliasing filter
  • Size:
    • 7.6 in. (194 mm) tall
    • 6.2 in. (158 mm) wide
    • 3.4 in. (88 mm) deep
  • Weight: 4.1 lbs (1.86 kg) with battery and PC card, without lens
  • Conforms to FCC Class B, CE Mark
  • Class B Declaration, VCCI Class B Certified
Nikon D1
  • Single-lens reflex digital camera with interchangeable lenses
  • Image sensor: 23.7 x 15.6mm, 12-bit RGB CCD with 2.7 million pixels, effective pixel count 2.66 million pixels (2,012 x 1,324 pixels)
  • Image size: 2,000 x 1,312 pixels
  • Sensetivity: 200, 400, 800, 1600 (ISO equivalent)
  • Single frame shooting, capture-preview and record-and-review modes available
  • Continuous shooting, approx. 4.5 fps, max. 21 consecutive shots
  • LCD monitor: 2-inch, low temperature polysilicon TFT, 114,000 pixels, adjustable brightness
  • Image size: 24 x 36mm
  • Lense mount: Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
  • Shutter: Combined electronic (CCD) and mechanical shutter
  • Dimensions: Approx. 157 (W) x 153 (H) x 86 (D) mm (6.2 x 6.1 x 3.4 in.)
Nikon D2Xs
  • Single-lens reflex digital camera with interchangeable lenses
  • Image sensor: 23.7 x 15.7mm, 12-bit RGBG CMOS sensor with 12.84 million pixels, effective pixel count 12.4 million pixels (4,288 x 2,848 pixels)
  • Image size: 4,288 x 2,848 pixels
  • Sensitivity: 200,400,800,1600 (ISO equivalent)
  • Single frame shooting, capture-preview and record-and-review modes available
  • Continuous shooting: approx. 5 fps up to 17 compressed RAW images
  • LCD monitor: 2.5-inch, low temperature polysilicon TFT, 230,000-dots, adjustable brightness
  • Image size: 24 x 36mm
  • Lense mount: Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
  • Shutter: Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal plane
  • Dimensions: Approx. 157.5 (W) x 149.5 (H) x 85.5 (D) mm (6.2 x 5.9 x 3.4 in.)
Nikon D3
  • Nikon's original FX-format CMOS image sensor with 36.0 (H) x 23.9 (V) mm image size; 12.1 effective megapixels
  • Compatible with three image-sensor formats - FX format (36 x 24), 5:4 (30 x 24) and DX format (24 x 16)
  • Sensitivity range ISO 200 to 6400 at normal setting for exceptionally high-quality images; can be set to ISO-equivalent 25,600
  • Incorporates Nikon's original EXPEED digital image processing concept
  • Nikon's original Scene Recognition system, utilizing the 1,005-pixel RGB sensor, greatly improves auto-focus, auto exposure and auto white balance performance
  • New 51-point auto-focus system features 15 cross-type sensors that maximize the potential of lenses with apertures as small as f/5.6
  • High-speed continuous shooting at approx. 9 frames per second [FX format (36 x 24)/5:4 (30 x 24)]/approx. 11 fps [DX format (24 x 16)] *1
  • Newly employed Picture Control System enables creation of desired picture with preferred tones
  • Accurate focal-plane contrast AF*2 available with built-in Liveview mode
  • Wireless Transmitter WT-4*3 (optional) realizes wireless connection of cameras with a PC, enabling thumbnail display of images taken with up to five of them, and downloading of images selected
  • CF card double slot accepts two CF cards
  • Quick response with approx. 0.12 sec. startup time and 37 ms Shutter-release time lag
  • Viewfinder with approx. 100% frame coverage and approx. 0.7x magnification in FX format
  • High-definition (920,000 dots), 170° viewing angle, 3-inch VGA LCD monitor with tempered glass
  • Active D-Lighting optimizes tone reproduction in both shadows and highlights
*1 With Continuous-servo AF, S or M exposure mode, shutter speed 1/250 sec. or faster; other settings are set at "Default".
*2 When Tripod mode is selected.
*3 Specifications differ depending on country or area.

Nikon D3X
  • Nikon FX-format CMOS image sensor with 24.5 effective megapixels
  • Exceptional noise control from ISO 100 to ISO 1600
  • Fast 14-bit A/D conversion incorporated onto the image sensor for high signal-to-noise ratio and low power consumption
  • Nikon’s EXPEED image-processing system, utilizing a supremely powerful CPU with 16-bit image processing
  • Near-instantaneous shutter release time lag of approx. 0.04 second (based on CIPA Guideline)*
  • 5-frames-per-second continuous shooting in FX format and 7 fps in DX crop mode (up to 130 frames)*
  • 51-point Multi-CAM3500FX auto-focus system
  • Scene Recognition System for more accurate AF, AE, and AWB results
  • Active D-Lighting for complete control over highlight and shadow detail
  • Picture Control: Standard, Vivid, Neutral and Monochrome (Landscape, Portrait and D2x Modes I, II and III are available free via download)
  • Live View mode for shooting handheld and with a tripod
  • High-resolution (approx. 920k dots), 3-inch VGA-size LCD monitor with tempered glass
  • Durable, lightweight magnesium-alloy construction and comprehensive weather sealing against dust and moisture
  • Intelligent power management that lets you shoot up to approx. 4,400 frames on a single battery charge (based on CIPA Standards)**
  • Compatibility with the Nikon Total Imaging System
*In 12-bit A/D conversion mode
**Using EN-EL4a lithium-ion battery at Single-frame [S] mode

Nikon D3S
  • Effective Pixels: 12.1 million
  • Image Sensor Format: FX
  • Image Sensor Type: CMOS
  • Total Pixels: 12.87 million
  • Nikon-original FX-format CMOS Sensor
  • Image Area (pixels) FX-format: (L) 4256 x 2832 (M) 3184 x 2120 (S) 2128 x 1416
  • Image Area (pixels) 1:2 format: (30 x 20) (L) 3,552 x 2,368 (M) 2,656 x 1,776 (S) 1,776 x 1,184
  • Image Area (pixels) 5:4 format: (30 x 24) (L) 3552 x 2832 (M) 2656 x 2120 (S) 1776 x 1416
  • Image Area (pixels) DX-format: (L) 2784 x 1848 (M) 2080 x 1384 (S) 1392 x 920
  • File Format: Uncompressed 12/14-bit NEF (RAW)Compressed 12/14-bit NEF (RAW, Lossless compressed): approx. 60-80 percentCompressed 12/14-bit NEF (RAW, Compressed): approx. 45-60 percentJPEG: JPEG-baseline-compliant; can be selected from Size Priority and Optimal QualityTIFF (RGB)WAV
  • Fastest Shutter Speed: 1/8000 sec. in steps of 1/31/21 EV
  • Slowest Shutter Speed: 30 sec. in steps of 1/31/21 EV
  • Low Noise ISO Sensitivity from 200 to 12,800
  • Continuous Shooting Up to 9 FPS
  • HD Video Capture
  • 3-Inch Super-density 921,000-dot VGA LCD Monitor
  • Dynamic Integrated Dust Reduction System
  • Nikon EXPEED Image Processing
  • Fast, Accurate 51-Point AF System
  • 1,005-Pixel 3D Color Matrix Metering II
  • Scene Recognition System
  • 100% Viewfinder Coverage
  • Virtual Horizon Graphic Indicator
Nikon D4
  • Type: Single-lens reflex digital camera
  • Lens mount: Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
  • Effective pixels: 16.2 million
  • Image sensor: 36.0 x 23.9 mm CMOS sensor (Nikon FX format)
  • Total pixels: 16.6 million
  • Dust-reduction system: Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (requires optional Capture NX 2 software)
  • Image size (pixels):
  • FX format (36x24): 4,928 x 3,280 [L], 3,696 x 2,456 [M], 2,464 x 1,640 [S]
  • 1.2x (30x20): 4,096 x 2,720 [L], 3,072 x 2,040 [M], 2,048 x 1,360 [S]
  • DX format (24x16): 3,200 x 2,128 [L], 2,400 x 1,592 (M), 1,600 x 1,064 (S)
  • 5:4 (30x24): 4,096 x 3,280 [L], 3,072 x 2,456 [M], 2,048 x 1,640 [S]
  • FX-format photographs taken in movie live view (16:9): 4,928 x 2,768 [L], 3,696 x 2,072 [M], 2,464 x 1,384 [S]
  • DX-format photographs taken in movie live view (16:9): 3,200 x 1,792 [L], 2,400 x 1,344 [M], 1,600 x 896 [S]
  • FX-format photographs taken in movie live view (3:2): 4,928 x 3,280 [L], 3,696 x 2,456 [M], 2,464 x 1,640 [S]
  • DX-format photographs taken in movie live view (3:2): 3,200 x 2,128 [L], 2,400 x 1,592 [M], 1,600 x 1,064 [S]
  • A DX-based format is used for photographs taken using the DX (24x16) 1.5x image area; an FX-based format is used for all other photographs
File format:
  • NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed or uncompressed
  • TIFF (RGB)
  • JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8) or basic (approx. 1:16) compression (Size priority); Optimal quality compression available
  • NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
  • Picture Control System: Can be selected from Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape; selected Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls
  • Media: XQD and Type I CompactFlash memory cards (UDMA compliant)
  • Dual card slots: Either card can be used for primary or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images; pictures can be copied between cards
  • File system: DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System) 2.0, DPOF (Digital Print Order Format), Exif (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras) 2.3, PictBridge
  • Viewfinder: Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder
  • Frame coverage:
    • FX (36x24): Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical
    • 1.2x (30x20): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • DX (24x16): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • 5:4 (30x24): Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical
  • Magnification: Approx. 0.7x (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
  • Eyepoint: 18 mm (-1.0 m-1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
  • Diopter adjustment: -3 to +1 m-1
  • Focusing screen: Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen with AF area brackets and framing grid
  • Reflex mirror: Quick return
  • Depth-of-field preview: When Pv button is pressed, lens aperture is stopped down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)
  • Lens aperture: Instant return, electronically controlled
  • Compatible lenses: Compatible with AF NIKKOR lenses, including type G and D lenses (some restrictions apply to PC-NIKKOR lenses), DX lenses [using DX (24x16) image area], AI-P NIKKOR lenses, and non-CPU AI lenses (exposure modes A and M only); IX-NIKKOR lenses, lenses for the F3AF, and non-AI lenses cannot be used. The electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster (the electronic rangefinder supports the 11 focus points with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster).
  • Shutter Type: Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
  • Shutter Speed: 1/8,000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV, bulb, X250
  • Shutter Flash sync speed: X=1/250 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/250 s or slower
  • Release modes: S (single frame), CL (continuous low speed), CH (continuous high speed), Q (quiet shutter-release), (self-timer), MUP (mirror up)
  • Frame advance rate: Up to approx. 10 fps (CL) or approx. 10 to 11 fps (CH)
  • Self-timer: 2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 s
  • Exposure Metering: TTL exposure metering using RGB sensor with approx. 91K (91,000) pixels
  • Metering method:
    • Matrix: 3D color matrix metering III (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering III (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data
    • Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle or average of entire frame)
    • Spot: Meters 4-mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
  • Range(ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F):
    • Matrix or center-weighted metering: -1 to 20 EV
    • Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV
  • Exposure meter coupling: Combined CPU and AI
  • Exposure modes: Programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M)
  • Exposure compensation: -5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
  • Exposure bracketing: 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV
  • Exposure lock: Luminosity locked at detected value with the center of the sub-selector
  • ISO sensitivity (Recommended Exposure Index): ISO 100 to 12800 in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, 2, 3 or 4 EV (ISO 204800 equivalent) above ISO 12800; auto ISO sensitivity control available
  • Active D-Lighting: Can be selected from auto, extra high +2/+1, high, normal, low or off
  • ADL bracketing: 2 frames using selected value for one frame or 3 to 5 frames using preset values for all frames
  • Auto-focus: Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX auto-focus sensor module with TTL phase detection, fine-tuning, 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors; f/8 supported by 11 sensors)
  • Focus Detection range: -2 to +19 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
  • Lens servo:
    • Auto-focus (AF): Single-servo auto-focus (AF-S); continuous-servo auto-focus (AF-C); predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status
    • Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used
  • Focus point: Can be selected from 51 or 11 focus points
  • AF-area modes: Single-point AF, 9-, 21- or 51-point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, auto-area AF
  • Focus lock: Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo auto-focus) or by pressing the center of the sub-selector
Nikon D800E
  • Type: Single-lens reflex digital camera
  • Lens mount: Nikon F mount (with AF contacts)
  • Effective pixels: 36.3 million
  • Image sensor: 35.9 x 24.0 mm CMOS sensor (Nikon FX format)
  • Total pixels: 36.8 million
  • Dust-reduction system: Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (requires optional Capture NX 2 software)
  • Image size (pixels):
    • FX format (36 x 24): 7,360 x 4,912 (L), 5,520 x 3,680 (M), 3,680 x 2,456 (S)
    • 1.2x (30 x 20): 6,144 x 4,080 (L), 4,608 x 3,056 (M), 3,072 x 2,040 (S)
    • DX format (24 x 16): 4,800 x 3,200 (L), 3,600 x 2,400 (M), 2,400 x 1,600 (S)
    • 5:4 (30 x 24): 6,144 x 4,912 (L), 4,608 x 3,680 (M), 3,072 x 2,456 (S)
    • FX-format photographs taken in movie live view*: 6,720 x 3,776 (L), 5,040 x 2,832 (M), 3,360 x 1,888 (S)
    • DX-format photographs taken in movie live view*: 4,800 x 2,704 (L), 3,600 x 2,024 (M), 2,400 x 1,352 (S)
    • A DX-based format is used for photographs taken using the DX (24x16) 1.5x image area; an FX-based format is used for all other photographs
  • File format:
    • NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed or uncompressed
    • TIFF (RGB)
    • JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8) or basic (approx. 1:16) compression (Size priority); Optimal quality compression available
    • NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
  • Picture Control System: Can be selected from Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape; selected Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls
  • Media: SD (Secure Digital) and UHS-I compliant SDHC and SDXC memory cards; Type I CompactFlash memory cards (UDMA compliant)
  • Dual card slots: Either card can be used for primary or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images; pictures can be copied between cards
  • File system: DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System) 2.0, DPOF (Digital Print Order Format), Exif (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras) 2.3, PictBridge
  • Viewfinder: Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder
  • Frame coverage:
    • FX (36 x 24): Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical
    • 1.2x (30 x 20): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • DX (24 x 16): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • 5:4 (30 x 24): Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical
  • Magnification: Approx. 0.7 x (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
  • Eyepoint: 17 mm (-1.0 m-1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
  • Diopter adjustment: -3 to +1 m-1
  • Focusing screen: Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen with AF area brackets and framing grid
  • Reflex mirror: Quick return
  • Depth-of-field preview: When depth-of-field preview button is pressed, lens aperture is stopped down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)
  • Lens aperture: Instant return, electronically controlled
  • Compatible lenses: Compatible with AF NIKKOR lenses, including type G and D lenses (some restrictions apply to PC-NIKKOR lenses), DX lenses [using DX (24 x 16) image area], AI-P NIKKOR lenses, and non-CPU AI lenses (exposure modes A and M only); IX-NIKKOR lenses, lenses for the F3AF, and non-AI lenses cannot be used.The electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster, employing eleven focus points with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster.
  • Shutter Type: Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
  • Shutter Speed: 1/8,000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV, bulb, X250
  • Shutter Flash sync speed: X = 1/250 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/320 s or slower (flash range drops at speeds between 1/250 and 1/320 s)
  • Release modes: S (single frame), CL (continuous low speed), CH (continuous high speed), Q (quiet shutter-release), (self-timer), MUP (mirror up)
  • Frame advance rate:
    • With EN-EL15 batteries (FX/5:4) CL: approx. 1 to 4 fps, CH: approx. 4 fps, (DX/1.2x) CL: approx. 1 to 5 fps, CH: approx. 5 fps.
    • Other power sources (FX/5:4) CL: approx. 1 to 4 fps, CH: approx. 4 fps, (1.2x) CL: approx. 1 to 5 fps, CH: approx. 5 fps, (DX) CL: approx. 1 to 5 fps, CH: approx. 6 fps.
  • Self-timer: 2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 s
  • Exposure Metering: TTL exposure metering using 91K-pixel RGB sensor
  • Metering method:
    • Matrix: 3D color matrix metering III (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering III (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data
    • Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle or average of entire frame)
    • Spot: Meters 4-mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
  • Range(ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F):
    • Matrix or center-weighted metering: 0 to 20 EV
    • Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV
  • Exposure meter coupling: Combined CPU and AI
  • Exposure modes: Programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture priority auto (A); manual (M)
  • Exposure compensation: -5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
  • Exposure bracketing: 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV
  • Exposure lock: Luminosity locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button
  • ISO sensitivity (Recommended Exposure Index): ISO 100 to 6400 in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1 or 2 EV (ISO 25600 equivalent) above ISO 6400; auto ISO sensitivity control available
  • Active D-Lighting: Can be selected from auto, extra high, high, normal, low or off
  • ADL bracketing: 2 frames using selected value for one frame or 3 to 5 frames using preset values for all frames
  • Auto-focus: Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX auto-focus sensor module with TTL phase detection, fine-tuning, 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors; f/8 supported by 11 central sensors), and AFassist illuminator (range approx. 0.5 to 3 m/1 ft 8 in. to 9 ft 10 in.)
  • Focus Detection range: -2 to +19 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
  • Lens servo:
    • Auto-focus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status
    • Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used
  • Focus point: Can be selected from 51 or 11 focus points
  • AF-area modes: Single-point AF, 9-, 21- or 51-point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, auto-area AF
  • Focus lock: Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button
Nikon D5
  • Type: Single-lens reflex digital camera
  • Lens mount: Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
  • Effective angle of view: Nikon FX format
  • Effective pixels: 20.8 million
  • Image sensor: 35.9 x 23.9 mm CMOS sensor
  • Total pixels: 21.33 million
  • Image size(pixels)
    • FX (36x24) image area: 5568 x 3712 (L), 4176 x 2784 (M), 2784 x 1856 (S)
    • 1.2x (30x20) image area: 4640 x 3088 (L), 3472 x 2312 (M), 2320 x 1544 (S)
    • DX (24x16) image area: 3648 x 2432 (L), 2736 x 1824 (M), 1824 x 1216 (S)
    • 5:4 (30x24) image area: 4640 x 3712 (L), 3472 x 2784 (M), 2320 x 1856 (S)
    • Photographs taken during movie recording at a frame size of 3840 x 2160: 3840 x 2160
    • FX-format photographs taken during movie recording at a frame size of 1920 x 1080 or 1280 x 720: 5568 x 3128 (L), 4176 x 2344 (M), 2784 x 1560 (S)
    • DX-format photographs taken during movie recording at a frame size of 1920 x 1080 or 1280 x 720: 3648 x 2048 (L), 2736 x 1536 (M), 1824 x 1024 (S)
    • Photographs taken during movie recording at a frame size of 1920 x 1080 crop: 1920 x 1080
  • File format
    • NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit (lossless compressed, compressed or uncompressed); large, medium, and small available (medium and small images are recorded at a bit depth of 12 bits using lossless compression)
    • TIFF (RGB)
    • JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8) or basic (approx. 1:16) compression; optimal quality compression available
    • NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
  • Picture Control system: Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape and Flat; selected Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls
  • Storage media
    • XQD-Type (Models for use with XQD cards): XQD cards
    • CF-Type (Models for use with CompactFlash cards): Type I CompactFlash memory cards (UDMA7 compliant)
  • Double card slots: Slot 2 can be used for overflow or backup storage or for separate storage of copies created using NEF+JPEG; pictures can be copied between cards
  • File system: DCF 2.0, Exif 2.3, PictBridge
  • Viewfinder: Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder
  • Frame coverage
    • FX (36x24): Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical
    • 1.2x (30x20): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • DX (24x16): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
    • 5:4 (30x24): Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical
  • Magnification: Approx. 0.72x (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
  • Eyepoint: 17 mm (-1.0 m-1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
  • Diopter adjustment: -3 to +1 m-1
  • Focusing screen: Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark IX screen with AF area brackets (framing grid can be displayed)
  • Reflex mirror: Quick return
  • Depth-of-field preview: Pressing Pv button stops lens aperture down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)
  • Lens aperture: Instant return, electronically controlled
  • Compatible lenses: Compatible with AF NIKKOR lenses, including type G, E, and D lenses (some restrictions apply to PC lenses), DX lenses (using DX [24x16] 1.5x image area), AI-P NIKKOR lenses, and non-CPU AI lenses (exposure modes A and M only); IX-NIKKOR lenses, lenses for the F3AF, and non-AI lenses cannot be used: The electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster (the electronic rangefinder supports the 15 focus points with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster, of which 9 points are available for selection)
  • Shutter type: Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane mechanical shutter; electronic front-curtain shutter available in mirror up release mode
  • Shutter speed: 1/8000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV, bulb, time, X250
  • Shutter flash sync speed: X=1/250 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/250 s or slower
  • Release mode: S (single frame), CL (continuous low speed), CH (continuous high speed), Q (quiet shutter-release), Self-timer, MUP (mirror up)
  • Approximate frame advance rate: Up to 10 fps (CL); 10 to 12 fps, or 14 fps with mirror up (CH); or 3 fps (quiet continuous mode)
  • Self-timer: 2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 s
  • Exposure metering: TTL exposure metering using RGB sensor with approx.180K (180,000) pixels
  • Exposure metering method
    • Matrix: 3D color matrix metering III (type G, E and D lenses); color matrix metering III (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data
    • Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle)
    • Spot: Meters 4-mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
    • Highlight-weighted: Available with type G, E and D lenses
  • Range (ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F)
    • Matrix or center-weighted metering: -3 to 20 EV
    • Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV
    • Highlight-weighted metering: 0 to 20 EV
  • Exposure meter coupling: Combined CPU and AI
  • Exposure mode: Programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M)
  • Exposure compensation: -5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
  • Exposure lock: Luminosity locked at detected value
  • ISO sensitivity (Recommended Exposure Index): ISO 100 to 102400 in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 EV (ISO 3280000 equivalent) above ISO 102400; auto ISO sensitivity control available
  • Active D-Lighting: Can be selected from auto, extra high +2/+1, high, normal, low or off
  • Autofocus: Multi-CAM 20K autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection, fine-tuning and 153 focus points (including 99 cross-type sensors and 15 sensors that support f/8), of which 55 (35 cross-type sensors and 9 f/8 sensors) are available for selection
  • Focus detection range: -4 to 20 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
  • Focus lens servo
    • Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status
    • Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used
  • Focus point: 153 focus points, of which 55 or 15 are available for selection
  • AF-area mode: Single-point AF, 25-, 72-, or 153-point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, group-area AF, auto-area AF
  • Focus lock: Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing the center of the sub-selector
  • White balance: Auto (3 types), incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy, shade, preset manual (up to 6 values can be stored, spot white balance measurement available during live view), choose color temperature (2500 K to 10000 K); all with fine-tuning
  • Bracketing types: Exposure, flash, white balance, and ADL
  • Live view lens servo
    • Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); full-time-servo AF (AF-F)
    • Manual focus (M)
  • Live view AF-area mode: Face-priority AF, wide-area AF, normal-area AF, subject-tracking AF
  • Live view autofocus: Contrast-detect AF anywhere in frame (camera selects focus point automatically when face-priority AF or subject-tracking AF is selected)
Nikon D850
  • Type: Single-lens reflex digital camera
  • Effective Pixels (Megapixels): 45.7 million
  • Sensor Size: 35.9 mm x 23.9 mm
  • Image Sensor Format: FX
  • Image Sensor Type: CMOS
  • Total Pixels: 46.89 million
  • Top Continuous Shooting Speed at full resolution: 7 frames per second
  • ISO Sensitivity: ISO 64 - 25,600 Can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, or 1 EV (ISO 32 equivalent) below ISO 64 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, or 2 EV (ISO 102,400 equivalent) above ISO 25,600; auto ISO sensitivity control available
  • Image Area (pixels)
    • FX-format
      • (L) 8,256 x 5,504 (45.4 million)
      • (M) 6,192 x 4,128 (25.5 million)
      • (S) 4,128 x 2,752 (11.3 million)
    • 1:2 format (30 x 20)
      • (L) 6,880 x 4,584 (31.5 million)
      • (M) 5,152 x 3,432 (17.6 million)
      • (S) 3,440 x 2,288 (7.8 million)
    • 5:4 format (30 x 24)
      • (L) 6,880 x 5,504 (37.8 million)
      • (M) 5,152 x 4,120 (21.2 million)
      • (S) 3,440 x 2,752 (9.4 million)
    • 1:1 format (24 x 24)
      • (L) 5,504 x 5,504 (30.2 million)
      • (M)4,128 x 4,128 (17.0 million)
      • (S)2,752 x 2,752 (7.5 million)
    • DX-format
      • (L) 5,408 x 3,600 (19.4 million)
      • (M) 4,048 x 2,696 (10.9 million)
      • (S) 2,704 x 1,800 (S4.8 million)
    • FX-format photographs taken during movie recording
      • (L) 8,256 x 4,640 (38.3 million)
      • (M) 6,192 x 3,480 (21.5 million)
      • (S) 4,128 x 2,320 (9.5 million)
    • DX-format photographs taken during movie recording
      • (L) 5,408 x 3,040 (16.4 million)
      • (M) 4,048 x 2,272 (9.1 million)
      • (S) 2,704 x 1,520 (4.1 million)
  • Viewfinder
    • Viewfinder: Eye-level Pentaprism Single-Lens Reflex Viewfinder
    • Frame Coverage:
      • FX (36x24): 100% horizontal and 100% vertical (Approx.)
      • 1.2x (30x20): 97% horizontal and 97% vertical (Approx.)
      • DX (24x16): 97% horizontal and 97% vertical (Approx.)
      • 5:4 (30x24): 97% horizontal and 100% vertical (Approx.)
      • 1:1 (24x24): 97% horizontal and 100% vertical (Approx.)
    • Focusing Screen: Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII with AF Area Brackets (grid lines can be displayed)
    • Reflex Mirror: Quick-return type
    • Mirror Lock Up: Yes
  • Lens
    • Lens Aperture: Instant-return type Electronically Controlled
    • Depth-of-field Control: Yes - Pressing Pv button stops lens aperture down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (other modes)
    • Compatible Lenses: AF NIKKOR lenses, including type G, E, and D lenses (some restrictions apply to PC lenses), and DX lenses (using DX 24 x 16 image area), AI-P NIKKOR lenses, and non-CPU AI lenses (exposure modes A and M only). Electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster (the electronic rangefinder supports 15 focus points with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster, of which 9 points are available for selection). IX NIKKOR lenses, lenses for the F3AF, and non-AI lenses cannot be used.
  • Shutter
    • Shutter Type: Electronically controlled vertical-travel focal-plane mechanical shutter; Electronic front-curtain shutter available in quiet shutter-release, quiet continuous shutter-release, and mirror up release modes
    • Shutter Speed: 1/8000 to 30 sec. in steps of 1/3, 1/2, or 1 EV, Bulb, Time, X250
    • Shutter Release Modes
      • Continuous low-speed [CL] mode
      • Continuous high-speed [CH] mode
      • Mirror-up [Mup] mode
      • Quiet Shutter Release
      • Quiet Continuous Release
      • Self-timer Mode
      • Single-frame [S] mode
    • Continuous Shooting Options
      • FX-format
      • CH: Up to 9 frames per second
      • With an EN-EL18b Battery inserted in a MB-D18 Power Pack
        • CL: 1-8 frames per second
        • CH: 9 frames per second
        • Quiet Continuous Mode: 3 frames per second
      • Other power sources
        • CL: 1-6 frames per second
        • CH: 7 frames per
        • Quiet Continuous Mode: 3 frames per second
    • Top Continuous Shooting Speed at full resolution: 7 frames per second
    • Self-timer: 2, 5, 10, 20 sec.; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2, or 3 sec. Timer duration electronically controlled
  • Exposure
    • Exposure Metering System: TTL exposure metering using approximately 180K (180,000) pixels RGB sensor
    • Metering Method: Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12 mm circle in center of frame. Diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15, or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle) Matrix: 3D Color Matrix Metering III (type G, E, and D lenses); Color Matrix Metering III (other CPU lenses); Color Matrix Metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data Spot: Meters 4 mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used) Highlight-weighted: Available with type G, E, and D lenses
    • Metering Range
      • ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20 °C/68 °F
      • -3 ± 20 EV (Matrix or center-weighted metering)
      • 2 to 20 EV (spot metering)
      • 0 to 20 EV (Highlight-weighted metering)
    • Meter Coupling: Combined CPU and AI
    • Modes
      • Aperture-Priority (A)
      • Manual (M)
      • Programmed auto with flexible program (P)
      • Shutter-Priority Auto (S)
    • Compensation: ±5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
    • Bracketing
      • 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV
      • -2 EV in 1/3, 0.7, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 step increments
      • +2 EV in 1/3, 0.7, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 step increments
      • -3 EV in 1/3, 0.7, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 step increments
      • +3 EV in 1/3, 0.7, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 step increments
    • Lock: Yes
    • Picture Control
      • Auto
      • Flat
      • Landscape
      • Monochrome
      • Neutral
      • Portrait
      • Standard
      • Vivid
  • Sensitivity
    • ISO Sensitivity: SO 64 - 25,600. Can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, or 1 EV (ISO 32 equivalent) below ISO 64 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, or 2 EV (ISO 102,400 equivalent) above ISO 25,600; auto ISO sensitivity control available
    • Lowest Standard ISO Sensitivity: 64
    • Highest Standard ISO Sensitivity: 25,600
    • Lowest Expanded ISO Sensitivity: Lo-1 (ISO 32 equivalent)
    • Highest Expanded ISO Sensitivity: Hi-2 (ISO 102,400 equivalent)
    • Expanded ISO Sensitivity Options
      • Lo-1 (ISO 32 equivalent)
      • Hi-1 (ISO-51,200 equivalent)
      • Hi-2 (ISO-102,400 equivalent)
    • Long Exposure Noise Reduction: Yes
    • High ISO Noise Reduction: Low, Normal, Hight, Off
    • Active D-Lighting: Auto, Extra High, High, Normal, Low, Off
    • D-Lighting Bracketing: 2 frames using selected value for one frame, 3–5 frames using preset values for all frames
  • Focus/Autofocus
    • Single-Point AF Mode: Yes
    • Dynamic AF Mode: Number of AF points: 9, 25, 72, or 153 point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, group-area AF
    • Auto-Area AF Mode: Yes
    • Autofocus System: Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 20K autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection and fine-tuning, and 153 focus points (including 99 cross-type sensors and 15 sensors that support f/8), of which 55 (35 cross-type sensors and 9 f/8 sensors) are available for selection
    • Detection Range: 4 to ±20 EV (ISO 100, 68°F/20°C)
    • Lens Servo: Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); Continuous-servo AF (AF-C); auto AF-S/AF-C selection (AF-A); predictive focus tracking activated automatically according to subject status; Manual focus (MF): Electronic rangefinder can be used
    • AF-area Mode
      • 9, 25, 72, or 153 point Dynamic-area AF
      • Auto-area AF
      • Single-point AF
      • 3D-tracking
      • Group-area AF
    • Focus Lock: Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing the center of the sub-selector
    • Focus Modes
      • Continuous-servo (AF-C)
      • Face-Priority AF
      • Full-time Servo (AF-F)
      • Manual (M) with electronic rangefinder
      • Normal area AF
      • Predictive focus tracking activated automatically according to subject status
      • Single-servo AF (AF-S)
      • Wide area available in Live View and D-Movie only
    • Maximum Autofocus Areas/Points: 153
    • Autofocus Sensitivity: 4 to +20 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
    • Autofocus Fine Tune: Yes
  • White Balance
    • White Balance
      • Auto (3 types)
      • Choose color temperature (2500K–10000K)
      • Cloudy
      • Direct Sunlight
      • Fine-tuning
      • Flash
      • Fluorescent (7 types)
      • Incandescent
      • Natural Light Auto
      • Preset manual (up to 6 values can be stored, spot white balance measurement available during live view)
      • Shade
    • White Balance Bracketing: 2 to 9 exposures in increments of 1, 2 or 3 EV
  • Movie
    • 4K UHD 3,840x2,160 / 30 fps
    • 4K UHD 3,840x2,160 / 25 fps
    • 4K UHD 3,840x2,160 / 24 fps
    • Full HD 1,920x1,080 / 60 fps
    • Full HD 1,920x1,080 / 50 fps
    • Full HD 1,920x1,080 / 30 fps
    • Full HD 1,920x1,080 / 25 fps
    • Full HD 1,920x1,080 / 24 fps
    • HD 1,280x720 / 60 fps
    • HD 1,280x720 / 50 fps
    • Slow-motion: Full HD 1,920x1,080 30p (x4)
    • Slow-motion: Full HD 1,920x1,080 25p (x4)
    • Slow-motion: Full HD 1,920x1,080 24p (x5)
    • Actual frame rates for 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, and 24p are 59.94, 50, 29.97, 25, and 23.976 fps respectively
    • Quality selection available at all sizes except 3,840 x 2,160 (when quality is fixed at high) and 1,920 x 1,080 slow-motion (when quality is fixed at normal)
  • Approx. Dimensions (Width x Height x Depth): 5.8 in. (146 mm) x 4.9 in. (124 mm) x 3.1 in. (78.5 mm)
  • Approx. Weight: 32.3 oz. (915 g) camera body only
  • Operating Environment: Temperature: 0–40 °C (+32–104 °F); Humidity: Less than 85% (no condensation)