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STS104-710-61
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Spacecraft nadir point: 41.7° N, 14.8° E

Photo center point: 41.0° N, 14.5° E

Nadir to Photo Center: South

Spacecraft Altitude: 210 nautical miles (389km)
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Image Caption: Gulf of Napoli and Vesuvius Volcano, Italy
This broad view of the west coast of Italy includes diverse landscapes of rugged mountains, scenic coasts, and historical cities. Three separate gulfs that are extensions of the Tyrrhenian Sea are visible in this northeast-looking view; from northwest to southeast these gulfs are Gaeta, Napoli, and Salerno. Historically, this section of the Italian coast has had frequent and violent volcanic activity. Vesuvius Volcano (lower center, adjacent to the Gulf of Napoli) is prominent, and two other sizeable volcanic structures consisting of complex craters, old calderas, and cinder cones extend from just west of Napoli (Phlegraean Fields) to another area south of the city of Cassino (Roccamonfina). Even the larger offshore island of Ischia is volcanic in origin. The rugged looking, mountainous region toward the interior of the country is part of the Appennini Mountains that form the spine of the Italian peninsula.