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Spacecraft nadir point: 16.2° S, 43.2° E

Photo center point: 16.0° S, 46.0° E

Nadir to Photo Center: East

Spacecraft Altitude: 325 nautical miles (602km)
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Image Caption: Large sediment plumes and freshwater lenses emerging into the Mozambique Channel
imply that Madagascar has had the benefit of recent rainfall. November to April is the
hot wet season for Madagascar and STS-103 astronauts took this photograph in
December 1999. At almost center is the Bombetoka Bay, located on the northwestern
coast and it is fed by the Betsiboka River. The city and major port of Mahajanga is under
clouds on the northeast side of the bay. The bright white color of the coast and parts of
rivers is caused by the reflectance of the sun (sun glitter).