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STS103-501-161
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MAP LOCATION
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Spacecraft nadir point: 20.6° N, 157.7° W

Photo center point: 20.5° N, 156.0° W

Nadir to Photo Center: East

Spacecraft Altitude: 316 nautical miles (585km)
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Image Caption: The youngest Hawaiian Island, Hawaii, and the second youngest, Maui, were
photographed by the STS-103 crew on December 26, 1999. The Hawaiian Islands owe
their existence to a hot spot, or deep source of magma that has burned through the floor
of the Pacific Ocean. Most of the Island of Hawaii still resides over the hot spot and as a
result is the site of two active volcanoes. Mauna Loa, the prominent volcano with dark
lava flows emanating from its rift axis, is 4,169 m (13, 678 ft) above sea level and has
erupted 40 times since 1832. Flows have threatened the city of Hilo, northeast of Mauna
Loa and in the "notch" along the coast, as recently as 1984.