STS097-701-17
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Spacecraft nadir point: 2.1° S, 38.2° E

Photo center point: 3.0° S, 37.5° E

Nadir to Photo Center: Southwest

Spacecraft Altitude: 190 nautical miles (352km)
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Image Caption: STS097-701-17 Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
Kilimanjaro (elevation 5875 m) is a complex of three volcanic peaks in the Kenya branch of the East African rift, just south of the Kenya-Tanzania border. Rift volcanism in this region includes fissure and fault eruptions along the floor of the rift, but the largest volcanoes are at intersections of north-trending rift-valley faults and the ancient, northwest-trending Aswa fault zone. Volcanoes at such intersections are commonly long-lived; Kilimanjaro has erupted episodically for almost a million years, and Reusch crater on the Kibo summit may be only a few hundred years old, as steam and sulfur fumaroles are still active. Kilimanjaro (Kilima Njaro or "shining mountain" in Swahili)is capped by glacial relics of the last ice age. Field studies indicate that most of Kilimanjaro was once covered by much as 100 m of ice and that glaciers extended well down the mountainsides. The most extensive remaining glaciers are on the southern and southwestern flanks.

The glaciers and snow cap covered a far greater area ten years prior to the view above. Compare the photograph above with a photograph of Kilimanjaro taken in November 1990 by the Space Shuttle mission STS-38 crew.