STS096-723-U
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Image Caption: Madiq Gubal, the strait between the Egyptian mainland and Ras Muhammad
on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, is just above center of
this southwestward view. The islands of Tiran and Sinafir are at left
center. The islands and fringing coral reefs mark the edges of fault
blocks, which have the same orientations as the faults onshore - for
example, the straight, sharp contact between the darker bedrock of the
Sinai Peninsula and the paler coastal sands. Gebel Musa or Mt. Sinai
(2285 m), with the monastery of St. Catherine on the northern flank,
is within the dark oblong area in the midst of the bedrock shield. Tan
and rust-colored sedimentary rocks contrast with the brown Precambrian
igneous basement rocks; lighter oval bodies within the shield are
granite masses.