STS084-714-32

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5700 x 5900 pixels 483 x 500 pixels
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Spacecraft nadir point: 11.9° N, 41.1° E

Photo center point: 11.5° N, 42.0° E

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Nadir to Photo Center: East

Spacecraft Altitude: 207 nautical miles (383km)
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Image Caption: Ethiopia, eastern Africa. Since about 25 million years ago, the continental crust of Africa -especially in East Africa - has undergone stretching. Three rift branches radiate from Ethiopia - the Red Sea rift, Ethiopian rift, and Gulf of Aden. In the Gulf of Aden, rifting has proceeded to the point that new oceanic crust has been formed. Characteristic of all three rifts are fault-bounded valleys (grabens), long straight faults, and abundant lava flows (basalts).