[Skip to content]
STS045-94-31
Browse image
Resolutions offered for this image:
640 x 480 pixels

MAP LOCATION
latitude/longitude of image
Spacecraft nadir point: 28.0° N, 52.7° E

Photo center point:

Nadir to Photo Center:

Spacecraft Altitude: 162 nautical miles (300km)
Click for Google map
IMAGE DETAILS
features and other details
CAMERA INFORMATION
information about camera used
ALL DOWNLOAD OPTIONS
additional formats
Width Height Annotated Cropped Purpose Links
640 pixels 480 pixels No No ISD 1 Download Image
Other options available:
Download Packaged File
Download a Google Earth KML for this Image
View photo footprint information
Image Caption:
STS045-94-031: Northern Persian Gulf In this view of the north-
ern reaches of the Persian Gulf, the sunglint pattern is centered
on the Saudi Arabian island of Abu Ali. Bright features along
the coast are probably deposits of oil, released from a terminal
offshore of Kuwait during the recent Persian Gulf War. Further
up the coast, in Kuwait, the black, oil-soaked desert surrounding
the site of the oil well fires is clearly visible.

The Persian Gulf is presently the subject of an intensive oceano-
graphic survey, conducted by an international team of scientists
from the United States, Germany, Bermuda, and the various nations
surrounding the Persian Gulf. The purpose of the study is to as-
sess the effects of the recent war on the Gulf ecosystem. During
the STS-45 mission, the survey team was focusing on oil contami-
nation of the shallow-water habitats in the area north of Abu Ali
Island. During the Space Shuttle mission, the astronaut crew
contacted the NOAA survey vessel, the R/V Mt. Mitchell, several
times and photographed water color and sunglint within the study
area and throughout the entire Persian Gulf. These photographic
data are expected to aid the Persian Gulf researchers in deter-
mining the present state of the Gulf as well as its ecological
future.

The photograph was taken on the 27th of March (orbit 48), using a
70-mm format Hasselblad camera, from an altitude of 160 n. mi.
with the Shuttle located at 28.0! N and 52.8! E.

STS-45 Earth observation taken aboard Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, is of the northern reaches of the Persian Gulf with the sunglint pattern centered on the Saudi Arabian island of Abu Ali. Bright features along the coast are thought to be deposits of oil, released from a terminal offshore of Kuwait during the recent Persian Gulf War. Further up the coast, in Kuwait, the black, oil-soaked desert surrounding the site of the oil well fires is clearly visible. View was taken from an altitude of 160 nautical miles with OV-104 located at 28 degrees north and 52.8 degrees east. During the STS-45 mission, an international survey team focused on oil contamination of the shallow-water habitants in the area north of Abu Ali Island. Crewmembers contacted the NOAA survey vessel, the R/V Mt. Mitchell, several times and photographed water color and sunglint within the study area and throughout the entire Persian Gulf. These photographic data are expected to aid the Persian Gulf researchers in