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STS045-614-31
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MAP LOCATION
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Spacecraft nadir point: 45.7° N, 63.3° E

Photo center point: 46.0° N, 63.5° E

Nadir to Photo Center: Northeast

Spacecraft Altitude: 162 nautical miles (300km)
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Image Caption:
STS045-614-031: Baikonur Cosmodrome

Located in Kazakhstan on the Syr Darya River, the Baikonur Cosmo-
drome has been the launch site for 72 cosmonaut crews. The land-
ing runway of the Buran (the Soviet version of our Space Shuttle)
can be seen in the left center of the photograph (just above the
red letters showing the time of the photograph). The launch com-
plex of the Energia booster and the Buran launch pads are located
to the right of the runway. Further to the right, near the
center of the image, is the launch site for the Soyuz. The So-
viet mission control center is located 1300Jmiles away, near Mos-
cow. In the lower right-hand corner of the image is the city of
Leninsk, which is seen as a dark region next to the river (the
railroad station there is called RTyuratam,S a name sometime ap-
plied to the cosmodrome by people in the West).




Located in Kazakhstan on the Syr Darya River, the Tyura Tam Cosmodrome has been the launch site for 72 cosmonaut crews. The landing runway of the Buran space shuttle can be seen in the left center. Further to the right, near the center is the launch site for the Soyuz. The mission control center is located 1,300 miles away near Moscow. In the lower right, is the city of Leninsk, seen as a dark region next to the river.