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Spacecraft nadir point: 53.6° N, 159.1° E

Photo center point: 53.0° N, 160.0° E

Nadir to Photo Center: Southeast

Spacecraft Altitude: 115 nautical miles (213km)
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Image Caption:
S36-74-025 and S36-152-202: Kamchatka Ice patterns in water.
These possibly outline differences in water temperature and sa-
linity. Ice-free water near the coast (top center of slide) sug-
gests some coastal upwelling of warmer (slightly above freezing)
waters from depth. Where no such vertical circulation occurs (as
in the restricted bays), the water freezes. Near-shore circula-
tion entrains the warmer and colder, icy waters, forming the
spectacular patterns seen here.

Once the scene of violent volcanic activity, the Kamchatka Peninsula in the northeast CIS, is now a frozen landscape most of the year. Cape Shipunskiy, Kamchatka Peninsula, CIS (53.0N, 160.0E), even under the thick layer of snow and ice, reveals many extinct volcanoes as typical caldera and lava flow patterns on the surface. The deep blue color of the Pacific is typical of near freezing sea water as filamentous ice flows from thawing sea ice.