ISS038-E-47389

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Spacecraft nadir point: 51.6° S, 54.2° W

Photo center point: 55.5° S, 68.5° W

Nadir to Photo Center: West

Spacecraft Altitude: 228 nautical miles (422km)
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Image Caption: Tierra del Fuego and Cape Horn, Argentina and Chile

This panoramic image from the International Space Station (ISS) captures Tierra del Fuego and Cape Horn, the southernmost tip of South America (image left), with the Atlantic Ocean in the foreground and the Pacific Ocean across the top of the image. Crews on the ISS seldom see Cape Horn in such clear weather. Shortly after this image was taken the cloud mass approaching from the Pacific Ocean completely obscured the landscape from ISS view. In this stormy part of the world, ships avoid the heavy seas around exposed Cape Horn and use the protected Strait of Magellan (image lower right) on the inshore end of Tierra del Fuego.

A small white icefield on the highest parts of Tierra del Fuego (image center right) includes Mount Darwin, situated within Chile's Agostini National Park. The icefield can be imagined as greatly expanded during the geologically recent ice ages, covering an area greater than the land area shown in this view. The heavily indented shape of the fiord coastline and the lake depressions (image center and lower right) were carved by the downhill movement of these vanished glaciers.