Browse image
Resolutions offered for this image:
1000 x 665 pixels 540 x 359 pixels 720 x 480 pixels 4256 x 2832 pixels 640 x 426 pixels
Cloud masks available for this image:

Spacecraft nadir point: 26.1° N, 85.5° W

Photo center point: 33.5° N, 85.0° W

Photo center point by machine learning:

Nadir to Photo Center: North

Spacecraft Altitude: 204 nautical miles (378km)
Click for a map
This photo is one of the photos used to create this time-lapse video:

2012-01-29 ISS030 900 Night Photos
Map for ISS030-E-55312-56211-20120129-Night
Width Height Annotated Cropped Purpose Links
1000 pixels 665 pixels No Yes Earth From Space collection Download Image
540 pixels 359 pixels Yes Yes Earth From Space collection Download Image
720 pixels 480 pixels Yes Yes NASA's Earth Observatory web site Download Image
4256 pixels 2832 pixels No No Download Image
640 pixels 426 pixels No No Download Image
Other options available:
Download Packaged File
Download a Google Earth KML for this Image
View photo footprint information
Download a GeoTIFF for this photo
Image Caption: Southeastern USA at Night

The southern United States is known for its distinctive cultural and historical identify within the country--this distinctiveness includes music, cuisine, literature, and social customs. The US Census Bureau defines "The South" to include the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. This astronaut photograph from the International Space Station highlights the southeastern part of the South at night, including the eastern Gulf of Mexico and lower Atlantic Seaboard states.

Following the American Civil War (1861-1865), the southern USA continued to be mostly agrarian until the latter half of the 20th century, when increased migration from other areas of the country (and immigration from outside the USA) led to increased urbanization. The brightly lit metropolitan areas of Atlanta, GA (image center) and Jacksonville, FL (image lower right) appear largest in the image with numerous other urban areas forming an interconnected network of light across the region. A large dark region to the northwest of Jacksonville, FL is the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge; likewise the ridges of the Appalachian mountains form dark swaths to the north of Atlanta, GA and west of Charlotte, NC (image center). The faint gold and green line of airglow--caused by ultraviolet radiation exciting the gas molecules in the upper atmosphere--parallels the horizon (or Earth limb).