|NASA Photo ID||ISS011-E-12547|
|Time taken||21:22:04 GMT|
1000 x 660 pixels 540 x 356 pixels 540 x 713 pixels 3032 x 2008 pixels 639 x 435 pixels
|Kodak DCS760c Electronic Still Camera|
|3060E: 3060 x 2036 pixel CCD, RGBG array|
|1000 pixels||660 pixels||No||Yes||Earth From Space collection||Download Image|
|540 pixels||356 pixels||Yes||Yes||Earth From Space collection||Download Image|
|540 pixels||713 pixels||Yes||Yes||NASA's Earth Observatory web site||Download Image|
|3032 pixels||2008 pixels||No||No||Not enhanced||Download Image|
|639 pixels||435 pixels||No||No||Download Image|
The port town of Biloxi, Mississippi experienced significant damage when Hurricane Katrina came ashore on August 29, 2005. Biloxi was established in 1838 following Mississippi statehood in 1817. The town was a favorite vacation destination for other Gulf Coast cities, particularly New Orleans, throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. Keesler Air Force Base was established in Biloxi in 1947; the runways are visible to the west of the downtown area in the top image. The legalization of dockside gambling and casinos in 1992 helped to invigorate the town's economy, but many of the casinos were severely damaged by the hurricane.
Katrina isn't the first hurricane to strike Biloxi during its 280-year history. Several hurricanes have battered the town, but the most powerful prior to Katrina was Hurricane Camille in 1969. The astronaut photograph (top) illustrates damage and flooding in the Biloxi area caused by Hurricane Katrina. A Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus image (bottom), acquired in 2000, provides a base for comparison. Damage to the 2.5 kilometer (1.6 mile) long US-90 bridge is evident in the astronaut photograph--the bridge is almost completely destroyed with only two sections of roadbed still intact. Flooded areas are indicated by dark greenish-brown coloration along river courses to the northeast and northwest of downtown. Most of the flood water remains within the rivers' floodplains, which are defined by reddish-brown sediment in the Landsat image.