Earth from Space - Image Information

LOCATION Direction Photo #: ISS047-E-53943 Date: Apr. 2016
Geographic Region: CANADA-NB

Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada

After passing above North America, a crew member aboard the International Space Station looked back at the coastline and took images of one of the continent's most famous bays. The crew focused on the upper 54 km (33 miles) of the 220 km-long (140 mile) Bay of Fundy where the highest vertical tidal range in the world has been measured. The city of Moncton (at image top left) is the light-toned area on the brown Petitcodiac River--also known as the Chocolate River. Other light-toned areas are agricultural fields that contrast with the dark greens of forests. The view shows the line of the Trans-Canada Highway that connects two of Canada's Maritime Provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia to the Pacific Coast.

The narrowing of the Bay of Fundy along its extent has the effect of increasing the height of the tide so that the highest tides are measured at Shepody Bay (at image center) at the inland end of Fundy. Here a rise of 46 feet (14 m) is common. The highest water level ever recorded resulted from winds and very low pressures from a tropical cyclone--the "Saxby Gale" of 1869--which combined with a high spring tide to significantly increase the usual height of the water in the zone shown here to 21.6 meters (71 feet). The gale caused extensive destruction to coastal communities, wrecking ships and wharves, destroying miles of newly-laid railroad track, breaching dykes, and flooding the low agricultural areas shown in the image.

Each tide transports vast amounts of water. About 70,000,000,000 cubic feet (2,000,000,000 cubic m) flood in and ebb out twice per day. Measured in the central channel of the bay this flow represents the power of 8000 train engines or 25 million horses. Tidal energy for hydroelectric power generation is thus an item of keen interest in the region. But the engineering difficulties added to the great costs and environmental concerns have so far prevented any development.

Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 128k
Mission: ISS047  
Roll - Frame: E - 53943
Geographical Name: CANADA-NB  
Center Lat x Lon: 45.8N x 64.5W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera:: N6
Camera Tilt: 52   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 400  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: N   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20160410   YYYYMMDD
Time: 201344   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 41.3N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 65.2W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 254   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 214   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 29   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: COAST, RANGE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: HIGHWAY  
City Views:  

Photo is not associated with any sequences

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