Earth from Space - Image Information

LOCATION Direction Photo #: ISS033-E-18010 Date: Nov. 2012

Central Kamchatka Volcanoes, Russian Federation

The snow-covered peaks of several volcanoes of the central Kamchatka Peninsula are visible standing above a fairly uniform cloud deck that obscures the surrounding lowlands. In addition to the rippled cloud patterns caused by interactions of air currents and the volcanoes, a steam and ash plume is visible at image center extending north-northeast from the relatively low summit (2882 meters above sea level, or asl) of Bezymianny volcano. Volcanic activity in this part of Russia is relatively frequent, and well monitored by Russia's Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT).

Directly to the north and northeast of Bezymianny, the much larger and taller stratovolcanoes Kamen (4585 m asl) and Kliuchevskoi (4835 m asl) are visible. Kliuchevskoi, Kamchatka's most active volcano, last erupted in 2011 whereas neighboring Kamen has not erupted during the recorded history of the region. An explosive eruption from the summit of the large volcanic massif of Ushkovsky (3943 m asl; image left) northwest of Bezymianny occurred in 1890; this is the most recent activity at this volcano.

To the south of Bezymianny, the peaks of Zimina (3081 m asl) and Udina volcanoes are just visible above the cloud deck; no historical eruptions are known from either volcanic center. While the large Tobalchik volcano to the southwest (image bottom center) is largely formed from a basaltic shield volcano, its highest peak (3682 m asl) is formed from an older stratovolcano. Tobalchik last erupted in 1976.

While this image may look like it was taken from a passenger jet, in fact it was taken from the considerably higher altitude of low earth orbit from the International Space Station (ISS). At the time the image was taken, the ISS was located approximately 417 kilometers above the southeastern Sea of Okhotsk; projected downwards to the Earth's surface, the ISS was located over 700 kilometers to the southwest of the volcanoes in the image. The combination of low viewing angle from the ISS, shadows, and height and distance from the volcanoes contributes to the appearance of topographic relief visible in the image.

Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 144k
Mission: ISS033  
Roll - Frame: E - 18010
Geographical Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION  
Center Lat x Lon: 56.0N x 160.5E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 75
Camera:: N5
Camera Tilt: HO   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: NE   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20121103   YYYYMMDD
Time: 021124   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 51.1N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 152.8E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 190   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 225   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 23   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views: PLUME  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  

Photo is not associated with any sequences

Home Page
Home Page
JSC Digital
Image Collection
Earth Science &
Remote Sensing

NASA meatball logo
This service is provided by the International Space Station program and the JSC Earth Science & Remote Sensing Unit, ARES Division, Exploration Integration Science Directorate.
ESRS logo