Earth from Space - Image Information

LOCATION Direction Photo #: ISS025-E-13115 Date: Nov. 2010
Geographic Region: NEPAL

Kathmandu, Nepal

The capital and largest city of Nepal, Kathmandu, occupies much of the valley located near the center of the country. Nepal is home to much of the Himalaya mountain range between Tibet (China) to the north and India to the south. Geological and fossil evidence indicates that the Kathmandu Valley was covered by a large lake between approximately 2.8 million and 10,000 years ago. Paleo-Kathmandu Lake is thought to have drained in phases due to the drying of the regional climate; continuing mountain building--tectonic uplift and faulting--in the region; and the formation of an integrated drainage system, as river channels cut through previous rock ridge dams.

The green, vegetated slopes that ring the Kathmandu metro area (light gray, image center) include both forest reserves and national parks. The metropolitan area is relatively flat compared to the surrounding mountains. Tribhuvan International Airport, near the eastern margin of the city, is the only international airport in Nepal.

Archeological evidence suggests that the human development of Kathmandu, together with the nearby "sister cities" of Lalitpur and Bhaktapur, began almost 2,000 years ago. Today, Kathmandu and its sister cities form the governmental, cultural, and--as a main access point to the Himalayas for tourism--economic center of the country.

Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 273k
Mission: ISS025  
Roll - Frame: E - 13115
Geographical Name: NEPAL  
Center Lat x Lon: 27.7N x 85.3E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera:: N2
Camera Tilt: 37   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 400  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: E   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 629  
Date: 20101109   YYYYMMDD
Time: 064109   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 26.9N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 83.1E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 190   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 190   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 46   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: AIRPORT  
City Views: KATHMANDU  

Photo is not associated with any sequences

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