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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS068-262-34 Date: Oct. 1994
Geographic Region: USA-OREGON

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  Crater Lake (center of photograph), the second deepest lake in North America at 1932 feet (590 meters), is displayed in this spectacular, low-oblique, north-looking photograph. Only Canada's Great Slave Lake is deeper-by 83 feet (25 meters). Crater Lake is 6 miles (10 kilometers) wide and covers 20 square miles (50 square kilometers). The lake lies in a huge caldera that was created more than 7000 years ago when the top of Mount Mazama Volcano was blown off by a violent eruption. Mount Mazama began to form more than 1 million years ago. The volcano reached an estimated altitude of nearly 12 000 feet (3600 meters) through a series of eruptions. With most of its magma and other materials exhausted following the violent eruption 7000 years ago, the foundation of the mountain was weakened. Geologists estimate that Mount Mazama collapsed around 4600 B.C., and the caldera was created. Having no inlet or outlet, the lake formed as a result of runoff from rain and snow. Cliffs surrounding the present lake vary from 500 to 2000 feet (150 to 600 meters) above the lake. Wizard Island-a cinder cone about 776 feet (230 meters) high, which formed by volcanic activity after the collapse of Mount Mazama-is near the western shore of the lake. Crater Lake, originally named Deep Blue Lake because of its sapphire hue indicating both extreme depth and extreme purity, was designated a National Park by the United States Government in 1902. Dark blue Diamond Lake is north of Crater Lake and west of Mount Thielsen Volcano.  
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 367k
Mission: STS068  
Roll - Frame: 262 - 34
Geographical Name: USA-OREGON  
Center Lat x Lon: 43.0N x 122W
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 0
Camera: HB
Camera Tilt: 40   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 250  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: N   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: N   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 40  
Date: 19941002   YYYYMMDD
Time: 212914   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 41.4N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 121.8W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 211   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 117   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 40   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: CRATER  
Water Views: LAKE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: HIGHWAY  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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