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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS064-80-87 Date: Sep. 1994
Geographic Region: IRAN
Feature: MT ARARAT, LAVA BEDS, VOL

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  STS064-080-087 Mount Ararat Massif, Turkey September 1994
This spectacular, near-vertical photograph features the Mount Ararat Massif in eastern Turkey. Snow-capped Great Ararat (visible near the center of the photograph), the traditional resting place of Noah's Ark, reaches an altitude of 16 946 feet (5169 meters) above sea level; 7 miles (11 km) southeast, Little Ararat is 12 877 feet (3928 meters) above sea level. Both are symmetrical, cone-shaped volcanoes composed of alternating layers of lava and ash. The widespread ash forms andesitic tuff, a grayish-white rock. Most of Great Ararat formed about 2 million years ago atop a block of uplifted rock during the Holocene Period; Little Ararat formed shortly thereafter. No eruptions have been recorded for either volcano. Nine glacial tongues escape downslope of Great Ararat from the permanent ice field, meet the snow line, melt, and produce streams. The rather high snow line [15 420 feet (4700 meters)] for a mountain this far north results from the dry surrounding region. Because of the lack of water, the area is relatively barren and uninhabited. From medieval accounts, the Ararat region was a beautiful, forest-clad mountain with many human settlements and abundant wildlife; however, deforestation, overgrazing, and a destructive earthquake in 1840 have severely impacted the area. Because of fears of further earthquake activity and the very dry conditions, many inhabitants left the region and settled elsewhere.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 155k
Mission: STS064  
Roll - Frame: 80 - 87
Geographical Name: IRAN  
Features: MT ARARAT, LAVA BEDS, VOL  
Center Lat x Lon: 39.5N x 44.5E
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 0
 
Camera: HB
 
Camera Tilt: 26   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 250  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: Y   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 75  
 
Date: 19940914   YYYYMMDD
Time: 130730   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 40.0N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 45.5E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 255   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 139   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 22   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: VOLCANO, MOUNTAIN, UPLAND, CRATER  
Water Views: RIVER  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: AGRICULTURE  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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