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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS042-E-33842 Date: Dec. 2014
Geographic Region: EGYPT

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  View Low-Resolution Image  
  Cairo at night

Taken by astronauts from windows in the International Space Station, this image shows the complex pattern of city lights in the metropolitan region of Cairo-the largest city in the Middle East and Africa's second largest city after Lagos (Nigeria). The brightly lit areas show greater Cairo with a population of about 20.5 million, fully a fifth of Egypt's population. Lights of the newer extensions of the city such as New Cairo, Sixth of October City, El Abor, and El Shorok, show a distinctly yellower color, probably related to sodium-vapor streetlight lamps. New Cairo is being constructed as the new capital city of Egypt.

Less prominent are the lights of numerous towns and villages on the Nile Delta (upper half of the image) and on the narrow floodplain of the River Nile (image lower left). The River Nile can be detected in places as a black line wending its way through Cairo itself.
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 94k
Mission: ISS042  
Roll - Frame: E - 33842
Geographical Name: EGYPT  
Center Lat x Lon: 30.1N x 31.4E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera: N6
Camera Tilt: 29   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 116  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: S   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20141210   YYYYMMDD
Time: 225336   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 32.0N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 30.7E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 62   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 217   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: -73   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views:  
Water Views: DELTA, RIVER  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views: CAIRO  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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This service is provided by the International Space Station program and the JSC Earth Science & Remote Sensing Unit, ARES Division, Exploration Integration Science Directorate.
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