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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS041-E-103791 Date: Oct. 2014
Geographic Region: USA-ILLINOIS

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  Chicago, Illinois

This image of Chicago and 16 miles (26 km) of the Lake Michigan shoreline was taken from the International Space Station. It shows how natural features control the growth of the city. Chicago's center--known as the Loop--lies at the mouth of the Chicago River, reflecting a time when this was the earliest settlement at a point where lake and river traffic converged. Navy Pier was built in 1916 at this transportation node primarily as a cargo facility for lake freighters. The city center still occupies the same location nearly two hundred years later.

Modern highways (I-94 and I-55) prominently are aligned toward the city center, following older transportation routes that ran along the banks of the North and South Branches of the Chicago River-that are still used by barge traffic. Railroads also converge on the city center. Residential and business land uses are competing with the transport functions. For example, Meigs Field was the small downtown airport located on Northerly Island that was bulldozed in 2003 to make way for a city waterfront park.

The city center is distinctly darker as seen from orbit because high rise buildings in the Loop cast much more shadow than low buildings in the surrounding neighborhoods.
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 430k
Mission: ISS041  
Roll - Frame: E - 103791
Geographical Name: USA-ILLINOIS  
Center Lat x Lon: 41.8N x 87.9W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera: N6
Camera Tilt: 29   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: S   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20141028   YYYYMMDD
Time: 170906   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 43.8N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 87.7W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 173   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 220   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 33   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: ISLAND  
Water Views: LAKE, RIVER  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views: CHICAGO  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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