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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS030-E-90012 Date: Feb. 2012
Geographic Region: BRAZIL

Ordering information for space photography
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  View Low-Resolution Image  
  Parana River Floodplain, Mato Grosso-Sao Paulo border, Brazil

The Parana River appears as a wide, blue strip across this astronaut photograph, with muddy brown water of the smaller Verde River entering from the northwest (top left). An extensive wetland (dark green) occupies most of the left half of the image, where the floodplain of the river reaches a width of 11 kilometers. The thin line of a road crossing the floodplain also gives a sense of scale. Above the Parana-Verde confluence (image center) the floodplain is much narrower.

The floodplain is generated by sediments delivered by both rivers. Evidence for this is that the entire surface of the floodplain is crisscrossed by the wider traces of former Parana R. channels as well as numerous narrower traces of the Verde R. The floodplains along both rivers are bordered by numerous rectangular agricultural fields. Dominant crops along this part of the Parana River are coffee, corn and cotton.

Turbid water, such as that in the Verde River, is common in most rivers that drain plowed agricultural land as some topsoil is washed into local rivers after rains. A long tendril of brown water extends from the Verde R. into the main channel of the Parana River where it hugs the west bank, remaining unmixed for many kilometers. This effectively shows the direction of river flow from orbit (right to left for the Parana, upper left to image center for the Verde).
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 274k
Mission: ISS030  
Roll - Frame: E - 90012
Geographical Name: BRAZIL  
Center Lat x Lon: 21.2S x 51.9W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera: N2
Camera Tilt: 34   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 400  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: N   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20120205   YYYYMMDD
Time: 121557   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 23.6S  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 51.4W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 91   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 220   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 42   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views:  
Water Views: CHANNEL, RIVER  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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