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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS029-E-37471 Date: Nov. 2011
Geographic Region: EGYPT

Ordering information for space photography
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  View Low-Resolution Image  
  Egypt-Israel Borderlands, Northern Sinai Peninsula and Northern Negev Desert

Note: This caption refers to the image versions labeled "NASA's Earth Observatory web site".

A clearly visible line marks about 50 kilometers of the international border between Egypt and Israel in this astronaut photograph. The area shown lies between 10 to 60 kilometers (from left to right) from the Mediterranean Sea, which is beyond this image to the northwest. This image from the International Space Station shows the characteristic sand dune morphology of the region and the poor soils which mark the southern limit of agriculture.

The different colors of the land surface are the result of trampling by humans and their livestock. Trampling disturbs the dark-colored soil crusts on the Egyptian side of the border, allowing lighter-colored dune sand beneath the crusts to be exposed by winds. A road also follows the border, making the demarcation more prominent. A patch of the Gaza Strip appears under scattered clouds at extreme image left.

In the arid to semiarid climate of the region, the natural vegetation is mostly sparse shrubs. Irrigated commercial agriculture in Israel appears as a series of large angular patterns and circular center pivot fields, with darker greens indicating growing crops (image left). Smaller plots appear on the Egyptian side of the border at image lower left.
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 242k
Mission: ISS029  
Roll - Frame: E - 37471
Geographical Name: EGYPT  
Center Lat x Lon: 31.0N x 34.3E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera: N2
Camera Tilt: 27   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 200  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: E   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
Date: 20111103   YYYYMMDD
Time: 085618   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 31.6N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 32.7E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 168   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 201   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 43   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Water Views: SEA  
Atmosphere Views:  
City Views: GAZA  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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