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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS026-E-25437 Date: Feb. 2011
Geographic Region: MEXICO

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  Pico de Orizaba, Mexico

The snow and ice-clad peak of Pico de Orizaba (also known as Citlaltepetl) boasts a summit elevation of 5675 meters (18619 feet) above sea level, making it the highest peak in Mexico and North America's highest volcano. It is also one of three volcanic peaks in Mexico--together with Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl-that retain summit glaciers. Pico de Orizaba is part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt that extends roughly east-west across Mexico. The last recorded eruption took place in 1846; while the volcano is considered dormant at present, geologists continue to investigate the potential hazards associated with a renewal of activity.

Shadows accentuate several features of the Pico de Orizaba stratovolcano visible in this astronaut photograph from the International Space Station. The 300 meter deep summit crater is clearly visible against surrounding ice and snow cover at image center. Several lava flows extend down the flanks of the volcano, made readily visible by prominent cooling ridges along their sides known as flow levees - one of the most clearly visible examples is located on the southwest flank of the cone.
The extinct Sierra Negra volcano to the southwest has a summit elevation of 4640 meters (15,223 feet) above sea level; while not as lofty as Pico de Orizaba, it is also one of Mexico's highest peaks.
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 255k
Mission: ISS026  
Roll - Frame: E - 25437
Geographical Name: MEXICO  
Center Lat x Lon: 19.0N x 97.3W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera: N2
Camera Tilt: 8   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 400  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 2097  
Date: 20110210   YYYYMMDD
Time: 140316   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 19.2N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 96.9W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 111   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 190   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 14   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Water Views: ICE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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