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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS020-E-45018 Date: Oct. 2009
Geographic Region: EGYPT

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  Great Bitter Lake, Egypt

The Great Bitter Lake is one of several lakes located along the Suez Canal, which connects the eastern Mediterranean and Red Seas. As the canal is built only to allow ships to travel in a single lane, the Great Bitter Lake is a location where ships can change their position in line (like the passing lane on the highway) before proceeding to either Port Said to the north, or the port of Suez to the south. The lake also provides an intermediate harbor for ships traversing the Canal--a journey that typically takes 14 hours end to end. Several ships, some under power and some anchored, are visible at image right.

Prior to the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, Great Bitter Lake was a large salt flat; in the arid climate, basins rarely accumulate enough water to become true lakes. Large expanses of white and tan sandy sediments at image left and top attest to the desert conditions surrounding the lake. Located at the approximate midpoint of the Suez Canal, Great Bitter Lake is now filled with water derived from both the Red and Mediterranean Seas, and this steady influx of water balances the water lost to evaporation. The town of Fayid (also spelled as Fayed), visible along the western shore of the lake (bottom) is a tourist destination for residents of Cairo, particularly in the summer months.
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 199k
Mission: ISS020  
Roll - Frame: E - 45018
Geographical Name: EGYPT  
Center Lat x Lon: 30.4N x 32.4E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
Camera: N3
Camera Tilt: 18   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SE   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 2282  
Date: 20091002   YYYYMMDD
Time: 064955   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 31.1N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 31.7E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 122   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 186   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 36   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: DESERT  
Water Views: CANAL, LAKE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences

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