STS078-727-021 Barito River, South Kalimantan, Indonesia June 1996 A sizeable sediment plume (lighter-colored water center of image) from the Barito River can be seen entering the Java Sea along the southeast coast of Borneo. This region is more accurately called South Kalimantan, one of four provinces of Indonesia that is located in Kalimantan (formerly Borneo). Bandjermasin, the capital city and center of trade for South Kalimantan province, is partially visible between the clouds and their shadows (top center) along the east side of the Barito River. The Barito River is the largest river in Indonesia. Although the coastal plains are swampy wetlands in this rainforest environment, large sections of land are being cleared for plantation and sedentary agriculture north of Bandjermasin along the Barito River.