Return to Earth From Space Home
Earth from Space logo Image Information Earth from Space logo

Display a Screen Layout for Printing

IMAGE: gray corner       IMAGE: gray corner
  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: NM21-740-24 Date: May 1996
Geographic Region: TURKEY
Feature: ISTANBUL, THE GOLDEN HORN

Ordering information for space photography
 
IMAGE: gray corner     IMAGE: gray corner

Image: gray corner     Image: gray corner
  View Low-Resolution Image  
  NM21-740-024 Bosporus, Istanbul, Turkey Spring/Summer 1996
One of the world’s strategic waterways, the Bosporus can be seen in this west-looking view. The Bosporus, which means “ox-ford”, connects the Black Sea (top right) with the Sea of Marmara (Marble Sea) (bottom left). It also separates European Turkey (upper left) from Asiatic Turkey (bottom right). Structurally, the Bosporus is an inundated valley following an irregular northeast-southwest course, 18 miles (29 km) long, widths varying from a little over 2 miles (4 km) at its northern mouth to 800 yards (730 meters) at Rumeli Hisari, midway along the strait. Although the current flows from north to south, there is a strong subsurface counter current, and numerous points and coves that set up whirls and eddies that make navigation of the strait dangerous to the inexperienced. At the Bosporus’ southern end is located one of the great historic cities in the world, Istanbul, formerly known as the city of Constantinople. Istanbul is the chief city, seaport, and tourist resort of Turkey as well a commercial and financial center. The European part of Istanbul is the terminus of an international rail service formerly called the Orient Express. In 1973, the European and Asian sections of Istanbul were linked by the opening of the Bosporus Suspension Bridge, (3524 feet/1074 meters long), which is discernible near the center of the image. Also discernible on the image just to the south of Istanbul anchored in the Sea of Marmara are large merchant ships (white-looking dots). In August 1999, a severe earthquake occurred just east of the Istanbul region on the Asian side killing thousands and destroying numerous buildings and other structures.
 
Image: gray corner     Image: gray corner

Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 342k
Mission: NM21  
Roll - Frame: 740 - 24
Geographical Name: TURKEY  
Features: ISTANBUL, THE GOLDEN HORN  
Center Lat x Lon: 41.0N x 29.0E
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 0
 
Camera: HB
 
Camera Tilt: NV   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 250  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction:   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: Y   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
 
Date: 19960502   YYYYMMDD
Time:   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth:   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude:   nautical miles
Sun Elevation:   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: PENINSULA, HILL, FAULT  
Water Views: CHANNEL, SEA, RIVER  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: AIRPORT, URBAN AREA  
City Views: ISTANBUL, SCUTARI  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


NASA Human
Space Flight
NASA
Home Page
JSC
Home Page
NASA
Image eXchange
JSC Digital
Image Collection
Earth Sciences &
Image Analysis