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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS097-701-17 Date: Dec. 2000
Geographic Region: TANZANIA
Feature: MT. KILIMANJARO

Ordering information for space photography
 
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  STS097-701-17 Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
Kilimanjaro (elevation 5875 m) is a complex of three volcanic peaks in the Kenya branch of the East African rift, just south of the Kenya-Tanzania border. Rift volcanism in this region includes fissure and fault eruptions along the floor of the rift, but the largest volcanoes are at intersections of north-trending rift-valley faults and the ancient, northwest-trending Aswa fault zone. Volcanoes at such intersections are commonly long-lived; Kilimanjaro has erupted episodically for almost a million years, and Reusch crater on the Kibo summit may be only a few hundred years old, as steam and sulfur fumaroles are still active. Kilimanjaro (Kilima Njaro or "shining mountain" in Swahili)is capped by glacial relics of the last ice age. Field studies indicate that most of Kilimanjaro was once covered by much as 100 m of ice and that glaciers extended well down the mountainsides. The most extensive remaining glaciers are on the southern and southwestern flanks.

The glaciers and snow cap covered a far greater area ten years prior to the view above. Compare the photograph above with a photograph of Kilimanjaro taken in November 1990 by the Space Shuttle mission STS-38 crew.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 65k
Mission: STS097  
Roll - Frame: 701 - 17
Geographical Name: TANZANIA  
Features: MT. KILIMANJARO  
Center Lat x Lon: 3S x 37.5E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 50
 
Camera: HB
 
Camera Tilt: 20   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 250  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 18  
 
Date: 20001202   YYYYMMDD
Time: 051311   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 2.1S  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 38.2E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 114   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 190   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 28   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: CRATER, FAULT, MOUNTAIN, RIFT, VALLEY  
Water Views: ICE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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