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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS087-757-70 Date: Dec. 1997
Geographic Region: INDIA
Feature: CHILKA LAKE, MAHANDADI R.

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  STS087-757-070 Mahanadi River and Delta, India November 1997
The Mahanadi and Brahmani Rivers (two somewhat paralleling light-colored features) have combined to create a large delta plain along the northeast coast of India. Based on the width of the floodplain, the surface area of the exposed sandbars, (highly reflective surfaces) and the larger number of distributary channels (linear, lighter-colored features, the Mahanadi River has produced the greater quantity of sediment deposition along the coast. Lake Chilka (multicolored feature lower left), India’s largest brackish water lagoon, has an ever-changing annual cycle. For most of the year, the salty water from the Bay of Bengal (lower edge) provides recharge water for Lake Chilka; however, during the wet summer monsoon fresh water from the Mahanadi River system flows south and displaces the brackish water of the lake. For a short time each year, Lake Chilka is a fresh water lake. The Indian government is expending considerable effort to preserve the fragile ecological system that is in place around the lake. Lake Chilka has been identified as a Wildlife Sanctuary Site (Ramsar Site). The darker landscape inland shows the location and distribution of low mountains and hilly terrain.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 394k
Mission: STS087  
Roll - Frame: 757 - 70
Geographical Name: INDIA  
Features: CHILKA LAKE, MAHANDADI R.  
Center Lat x Lon: 20.5N x 86.0E
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 20
 
Camera: HB
 
Camera Tilt: 43   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 100  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: NW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: Y   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 246  
 
Date: 19971205   YYYYMMDD
Time: 031622   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 19.1N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 87.8E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 134   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 148   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 33   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: PLAIN, HILL  
Water Views: RIVER, DELTA, LAKE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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