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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS078-742-74 Date: Jul. 1996
Geographic Region: LEBANON
Feature: LITANI R., AGR., DAMASCUS

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  STS078-742-074 The Biqa Valley, Lebanon June 1996
The upland Biqa Valley and the highest part of the Great Rift Valley, that covers an area from Syria southward to near Mozambique in southern Africa, can be seen in this near-nadir view. The Biqa Valley, which stretches north into Syria, is 75 miles (121 km) long and 5 to 9 miles (8 to 15 km) wide, and is located between the Lebanon Mountains to the west (left on the image), and the anti-Lebanon Mountains to the east (right on the image). The valley is Lebanonís chief agricultural area, as can be seen on the upper center of the image. The high and rugged Lebanon Mountains parallel the Mediterranean Coast. The mountains rise steeply from the coast and are over 100 miles (160 km) long. The Lebanon Mountains were famous in ancient times for their large, old cedar trees that extended in a narrow strip along the upper western slope of the range. Over 90 percent of these trees have been depleted, used for building materials and fuel. Only isolated groves remain. The anti-Lebanon Mountains extend north to south marking the border between Lebanon and Syria. Once known for their forests of oak, pine, cypress, and juniper, the range is mostly void of trees and is now largely stony and barren. The only permanent lake in Lebanon, Buhayrat (lake) Al Qirawn, is visible near the center of the image.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 374k
Mission: STS078  
Roll - Frame: 742 - 74
Geographical Name: LEBANON  
Features: LITANI R., AGR., DAMASCUS  
Center Lat x Lon: 33.5N x 35.5E
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: HB
 
Camera Tilt: 25   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 250  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: N   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: Y   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 188  
 
Date: 19960702   YYYYMMDD
Time: 065641   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 32.4N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 35.7E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 94   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 141   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 53   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: MOUNTAIN, VALLEY, RIFT  
Water Views: LAKE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: AGRICULTURE  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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