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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS068-231-74 Date: Oct. 1994
Geographic Region: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Feature: L. BAIKAL, SELENGA DELTA

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  STS068-231-074 Lake Baikal (Baykal) and Selenga River, Russia October 1994
This spectacular, north-looking, low-oblique photograph captures the central portion of Lake Baikal (Baykal), O. Ol’Khon Island hugging the western shore of the lake, the lower portion of the Selenga River and its delta (a sanctuary for the unique wildlife of the region, especially many bird species), and the Khamar Daban Range south and east of the Selenga. More than 130 rivers and streams enter Lake Baikal, but the lake has only one outlet—the Angara River, which exits the lake near its southern end (not pictured in the photograph). Lake Baikal sits in a large trench that was formed more than 20 million years ago. Uplifted mountain ranges on either side of the lake rise to an average of 6500 feet (2000 meters) above sea level—the Barguzinskiy Mountain Range to the east and the Baykal’skiy Mountains to the west. As the world’s deepest lake, Baikal holds more fresh water than the five Great Lakes combined; one-fifth of all the fresh surface water in the world is contained in Lake Baikal. The lake is 395 miles (636 kilometers) long, averages 30 miles (48 kilometers) in width, and has a maximum depth of 5710 feet (1741 meters). In the mid-1980s, a plan to protect the lake was enacted by the Government in Moscow; pollution and waste material dumping from factories and plants upstream on the Selenga and other rivers feeding Lake Baikal have been almost eliminated. Efforts are ongoing to preserve the purity of the waters of this magnificent lake.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 122k
Mission: STS068  
Roll - Frame: 231 - 74
Geographical Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION  
Features: L. BAIKAL, SELENGA DELTA  
Center Lat x Lon: 52.5N x 106.5E
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 5
 
Camera: HB
 
Camera Tilt: 42   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 100  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: N   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: Y   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 77  
 
Date: 19941005   YYYYMMDD
Time: 041101   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 50.8N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 106.7E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 171   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 116   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 34   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: MOUNTAIN, VALLEY  
Water Views: LAKE, RIVER, DELTA, ESTUARY  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: AGRICULTURE  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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