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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS068-172-81 Date: Oct. 1994
Geographic Region: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Feature: PAN-CASPIAN SEA, CAUCASUS

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  STS068-172-081 Caucasus Mountains October 1994
The northwest-southeast-trending Caucasus Mountains extend from the eastern shores of the Black Sea to the southwest coast of the Caspian Sea. This beautiful panoramic photograph pictures a region of enormous physiographic complexity because this mountain range has created an almost impenetrable barrier to north-south ground transportation. Mountain ridges commonly exceed 13 000 feet (3960 meters) above sea level, and Mount Elbus (the large snow-covered peak near the western end of the Caucasus Mountains) reaches 18 481 feet (5633 meters) above sea level. The Caucasus Mountains are a relatively young mountain system, and frequent earthquakes testify that the Earth’s crust is unstable in this area. Historically, this region has been (and continues to be) a battleground of different cultures and religions. The plains area north of the Caucasus Mountains belongs to Russia; however, this is the region where many republics (e.g., Chechnya) are trying to establish independent states. On the south slopes of the Caucasus Mountains and in the valleys immediately south of the mountains are the three political entities of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. The light blue, elongated lake in the valley immediately south of the mountains near the southeastern edge of the photograph is Lake Mingechaur in Azerbaijan; the darker blue lake in the next valley to the south is Lake Sevan in Armenia. The two larger blue lakes toward the horizon are Lake Urmina in Iran and Lake Van in Turkey.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 64k
Mission: STS068  
Roll - Frame: 172 - 81
Geographical Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION  
Features: PAN-CASPIAN SEA, CAUCASUS  
Center Lat x Lon: 43.5N x 46.0E
Film Exposure: F   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 15
 
Camera: LH
 
Camera Tilt: HO   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 90  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: N   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 144  
 
Date: 19941009   YYYYMMDD
Time: 071445   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 44.6N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 49.5E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 157   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 110   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 37   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: MOUNTAIN, COAST, VALLEY, PENINSULA, PLAIN  
Water Views: SEA, LAKE, RIVER, DELTA  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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