Return to Earth From Space Home
Earth from Space logo Image Information Earth from Space logo

Display a Screen Layout for Printing

IMAGE: gray corner       IMAGE: gray corner
  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS066-157-192 Date: Nov. 1994
Geographic Region: TURKEY
Feature: ISTANBUL, SEA OF MARMARA

Ordering information for space photography
 
IMAGE: gray corner     IMAGE: gray corner

Image: gray corner     Image: gray corner
  View Low-Resolution Image  
  STS066-157-192 The Bosporus, Turkey November 1994
The Bosporus (near the center of the photograph), a strait that connects the Black Sea to the north with the Sea of Marmara to the south, stands out in this low-oblique, north-looking photograph. One of the world’s most strategic waterways, the strait separates European Turkey to the west with Asiatic Turkey to the east. Structurally the Bosporus is an inundated valley that follows an irregular northeast-southwest course 19 miles (30 kilometers) long, with widths varying from approximately 2 miles (4 kilometers) at its northern mouth to 800 yards (730 meters) at Rumelihasari, midway of the strait. The current flows north to south; however, a strong subsurface countercurrent with numerous points and coves sets up swirls and eddies that make navigation dangerous to the inexperienced. Istanbul (formerly Constantinople), one of the great historic cities of the world, sits near the Bosporus entrance to the Sea of Marmara. A city of more than 3 million people, Istanbul is Turkey’s major seaport as well as its commercial, financial, and cultural center. The city, like Rome, is built on seven hills. Major industries include shipbuilding, tobacco, textiles, glass products, leather goods (especially shoes), cement, and tourism. The European (western) side of Istanbul is the terminus of an international rail service formerly called the Orient Express. The Bosporus Bridge, connecting the European and Asian sections of the city, was opened in 1973 and is one of the longest suspension bridges in the world [3524 feet (1074 meters)].
 
Image: gray corner     Image: gray corner

Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 86k
Mission: STS066  
Roll - Frame: 157 - 192
Geographical Name: TURKEY  
Features: ISTANBUL, SEA OF MARMARA  
Center Lat x Lon: 41.0N x 29.0E
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: LH
 
Camera Tilt: 42   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 250  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: N   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: Y   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 75  
 
Date: 19941108   YYYYMMDD
Time: 084528   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 38.6N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 28.7E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 162   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 160   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 33   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: COAST, MOUNTAIN, PENINSULA  
Water Views: SEA, STRAIT, BAY  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: URBAN AREA  
City Views: ISTANBUL  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


NASA Human
Space Flight
NASA
Home Page
JSC
Home Page
NASA
Image eXchange
JSC Digital
Image Collection
Earth Sciences &
Image Analysis