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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS061-98-5 Date: Dec. 1993
Geographic Region: MADAGASCAR
Feature: SOUTHERN, CENTRAL AREAS

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  STS061-098-005 Southern Madagascar December 1993
Almost two-thirds of Madagascar, the world’s fourth largest island, is seen in this near-vertical, almost cloud-free photograph. The island is composed of relatively narrow coastal plains on both the east and west coasts, with a much larger central plateau that extends generally north-south for the entire length of the country. The dark north-south line that parallels the east coast shows the remaining 10 percent of the original lowland and mountain rain forests that exist on Madagascar. The major cause of the dramatic decrease in forests has been the slash-and-burn agriculture practiced by small-scale farmers. The future will determine if imposed conservation strategies will be effective in reversing this destructive practice. Because the east coast lies in the path of the rain-bearing southeast trade winds that blow off the Indian Ocean, it receives an annual average rainfall of more than 70 inches (180 centimeters). A rain-shadow effect is created by the low mountains along the east coast of Madagascar, as precipitation amounts decrease appreciably to the west. The southwestern corner of the island is classified as arid to semiarid. Major soil erosion problems are common throughout most of the island, particularly along the western edge of the country where many of the westward-flowing rivers carry large quantities of sediment into the bays and estuaries.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 119k
Mission: STS061  
Roll - Frame: 98 - 5
Geographical Name: MADAGASCAR  
Features: SOUTHERN, CENTRAL AREAS  
Center Lat x Lon: 21S x 47.0E
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: HB
 
Camera Tilt: 23   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 40  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: NE   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: N   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 90  
 
Date: 19931208   YYYYMMDD
Time: 083734   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 22.8S  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 45.6E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 91   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 320   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 87   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: ISLAND, MOUNTAIN, FOREST, PLATEAU, BASIN  
Water Views: OCEAN, CHANNEL, RIVER, DELTA  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: DEFORESTATION  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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