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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS059-L22-73 Date: Apr. 1994
Geographic Region: KAZAKHSTAN
Feature: LAKE BALKHASH

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  STS059-L22-073 Lake Balkhash, Kazakhstan April 1994
Lake Balkhash, a large lake in eastern Kazakhstan, has no outlet in this land of vast deserts and steppe terrain. The brown and tan colors dominating the surrounding landscape indicate the harsh, waterless conditions of this environment. A sandbar effectively divides Lake Balkhash into a western half, which is fresh water, and an eastern half, which is saline. According to most accounts, the lake is slowly shrinking because of evaporation. Even though a fairly wide delta is visible along the southeastern end of the lake, the Ili River, which created the delta, does not have sufficient waterflow to exceed the rate of evaporation. The lake is 350 miles (565 kilometers) in length and about 45 miles (70 kilometers) at its maximum width, with an average depth is 20 feet (6 meters) and a maximum depth of 85 feet (25 meters). Lake Balkhash is usually frozen from November through March; however, in this April photograph, ice is still covering almost the entire surface of the lake. The small cities of Sary-Shagan and Balkhash are located along the western and northern shorelines, respectively, although not identifiable in this photograph. The white, highly reflective areas south of the lake are mineral deposits, mainly salts. Much of the landscape around the lake consists of sand; actually, areas of low sand dunes exist.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 101k
Mission: STS059  
Roll - Frame: L22 - 73
Geographical Name: KAZAKHSTAN  
Features: LAKE BALKHASH  
Center Lat x Lon: 46.5N x 75.0E
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 0
 
Camera: LH
 
Camera Tilt: 42   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 90  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: E   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: Y   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 47  
 
Date: 19940412   YYYYMMDD
Time: 073830   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 46.0N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 73.3E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 193   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 118   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 52   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: DESERT, PLAIN, HILL  
Water Views: LAKE, RIVER, DELTA  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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