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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: STS051-102-85 Date: Sep. 1993
Geographic Region: USA-HAWAII
Feature: HAWAII I., LAVA PLUMES

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  STS051-102-85 Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, U.S.A September 1993
During an early morning pass over the Hawaiian Islands, the STS-51 crew had a rare crystal-clear view of the erupting Kilauea Volcano. Kilauea, on the southeast side of the island of Hawaii, has been erupting almost continuously since January 1983. Kilauea's summit caldera, with the smaller Halemaumau Crater nestled within it (just above the center of this southwest-looking picture) is highlighted by the early morning sunlight. A string of craters extends eastward along the East Rift Zone, site of the current eruption. Steam blows south from the main crater lake, Pu'u O'o, now filled with basaltic lava. The hot lava travels downhill to the ocean through lava tubes and enters the ocean along the eastern side of the newly built (less than a year old) Kamoamoa Delta. There the hot lava (roughly 1150 degrees C) meets the cool ocean water (22 degrees C), an acid-rich steam plume forms and is carried to the south and west. The lava flows that covered roads and subdivisions between 1983 and 1990 can be seen as dark flows to the east (toward the lower left) of the steam plumes in this photo. The summit crater and lava flows of Mauna Loa Volcano fill the right side of the photo. The clarity of this photograph is remarkable. Features like Volcano House and the Kilauea Visitor Center on the edge of the caldera, the small subdivisions east of the summit, the Ola'a Rain Forest north of the summit, and the agricultural land along the coast are easily identified.


The STS-51 crew had a clear view of the erupting Kilauea volcano during the early morning pass over the Hawaiian islands. Kilauea, on the southwest side of the island of Hawaii, has been erupting almost continuously since January, 1983. Kilauea's summit caldera, with the smaller Halemaumau crater nestled within, is highlighted in the early morning sun (just above the center of the picture). The lava flows which covered roads and subdivisions in 1983-90 can be seen as dark flows to the east (toward the upper right) of the steam plumes on this photo. The summit crater and lava flows of Mauna Loa volcano make up the left side of the photo. Features like the Volcano House and Kilauea Visitor Center on the edge of the caldera, the small subdivisions east of the summit, Ola's Rain Forest north of the summit, and agricultural land along the coast are easily identified.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 112k
Mission: STS051  
Roll - Frame: 102 - 85
Geographical Name: USA-HAWAII  
Features: HAWAII I., LAVA PLUMES  
Center Lat x Lon: 19.5N x 155.5W
Film Exposure: N   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 5
 
Camera: HB
 
Camera Tilt: 28   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 250  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?: N   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 53  
 
Date: 19930915   YYYYMMDD
Time: 181155   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 19.8N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 154.1W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 98   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 161   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 29   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: ISLAND, VOLCANO, CRATER, RIFT, COAST  
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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