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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS033-E-19822 Date: Nov. 2012
Geographic Region: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Feature: KARYMSKY VOLCANO, ERUPTION PLUME, AKADEMIA NAUK VOLCANO, KARYMSKY LAKE

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  Eruption Plume from Karymsky Volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russian Federation

Note: This caption refers to the image versions labeled "NASA's Earth Observatory web site".

The Karymsky stratovolcano stands 1536 meters above sea level, with most eruptions and occasional lava flows originating from the summit. Karymsky is the most active of Kamchatka’s eastern volcanoes, with almost constant (on a geologic time scale) volcanism occurring since at least the late 18th century when the historical record for the region begins. In light of the high levels of volcanic activity on the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) monitors the activity levels of several volcanoes and issues updates including aviation alerts and webcams.

KVERT reported moderate seismic activity at Karymsky during 2-9 November 2012; such activity can indicate movement of magma beneath or within a volcanic structure and can indicate that an eruption is imminent. The Tokyo Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) subsequently reported an explosive eruption at Karymsky on November 9, 2012 at 22:15 GMT. This astronaut photograph of the resulting ash plume was taken approximately 1 hour and 35 minutes after the eruption began. The plume extends from the summit of Karymsky (image top center) to the southeast, with brown ash deposits darkening the snow cover below the plume.

The Akademia Nauk caldera – now filled with water to form the present-day Karymsky Lake - is located to the south of Karymsky volcano. Calderas are formed by explosive eruption and emptying of a volcano’s magma chamber – leading to collapse of the structure to form a large crater-like depression. Akademia Nauk last erupted in 1996.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 207k
Mission: ISS033  
Roll - Frame: E - 19822
Geographical Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION  
Features: KARYMSKY VOLCANO, ERUPTION PLUME, AKADEMIA NAUK VOLCANO, KARYMSKY LAKE  
Center Lat x Lon: 54.0N x 159.4E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: N5
 
Camera Tilt: 52   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: NW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number:  
 
Date: 20121109   YYYYMMDD
Time: 234006   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 51.8N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 163.7E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 163   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 225   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 20   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: CALDERA, CRATER, PENINSULA, VOLCANO  
Water Views: LAKE  
Atmosphere Views: PLUME  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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