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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS028-E-10162 Date: Jun. 2011
Geographic Region: CANADA-O
Feature: SAULT ST MARIE, ST JOSEPH ISLAND, LAKE HURON, LAKE SUPERIOR

Ordering information for space photography
 
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  Sault Ste Marie, Ontario and Michigan

The twin cities of Sault Ste Marie are located across the St. Mary’s River that forms part of the international boundary between Canada (Province of Ontario) and the United States (State of Michigan). This astronaut photograph highlights the two cities, together with the region of lakes and islands that separates Lakes Huron and Superior, two of the Great Lakes of North America. Smaller lakes include Lake George to the west; the large forested islands of St. Joseph and Drummond are visible at image upper left.

The Sault Ste Marie urban areas (image lower left) have a distinctive gray to white coloration in the image, contrasting with the deep green of forested areas in Ontario and the lighter green of agricultural fields in Michigan. The coloration of water surfaces in the lakes and rivers varies from blue to blue-green to silver, and is likely caused by varying degrees of sediment and sunglint – light reflecting back to the astronaut observer on the International Space Station from the water surface, much as light reflects from a mirror.

Prior to formalization of the US/Canada border in 1817, Sault Ste Marie was a single community. Archeological evidence suggests that the region had been occupied by Native Americans at least five hundred years ago. A mission – the first European settlement in Michigan - was established there in 1668 by the French Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette. Today, shipping locks and canals in both urban areas are an important part of the Great Lakes shipping traffic system.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 226k
Mission: ISS028  
Roll - Frame: E - 10162
Geographical Name: CANADA-O  
Features: SAULT ST MARIE, ST JOSEPH ISLAND, LAKE HURON, LAKE SUPERIOR  
Center Lat x Lon: 46.3N x 84.1W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: N2
 
Camera Tilt: 52   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 110  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 289  
 
Date: 20110629   YYYYMMDD
Time: 212345   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 48.2N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 80.1W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 264   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 205   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 37   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views:  
Water Views: LAKE, RIVER, SEDIMENT, SUNGLINT  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views: SAULT STE MARIE  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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