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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS025-E-17440 Date: Nov. 2010
Geographic Region: RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Feature: LAKE KRONOTSKOE, KRONOTSKY VOLCANO, KRASHENINNIKOV VOLCANO, SCHMIDT VOLCANO

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  Kamchatka Volcanoes

This astronaut photograph of snow-covered volcanoes on Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula illustrates one of the unique attributes of the International Space Station— the ability to view landscapes at an angle, rather than the straight-down view typical of many satellite-based sensors. This oblique view, together with shadows cast by the volcanoes and mountains, provides perspective about the topography of the region.

Kronotsky and Kizimen stratovolcanoes are distinguished by their symmetrical cones. Kizimen last erupted in 1928, while Kronotsky—one of the largest on the peninsula—last erupted in 1923.

Schmidt Volcano, to the north of Kronotsky, has the morphology of a shield volcano and is not known to have erupted since humans have been keeping records.

To the south (left) is Krasheninnikov, comprised of overlapping stratovolcanoes that formed within an earlier caldera. Krasheninnikov may have last erupted in 1550. Two summit craters are clearly visible.

Lake Kronotsky is Kamchatka’s largest lake. It formed when lava flows from Kronotsky Volcano dammed the Listvenichnaya River.

The Kamchatka Peninsula lies along the so-called Pacific "Ring of Fire." The ring is characterized by active volcanoes and frequent earthquakes associated with the many active subduction and transform boundary zones around the Pacific tectonic plate. There are 114 volcanoes on the Kamchatka Peninsula that have erupted during the Holocene Epoch (approximately 12,000 years ago to the present).
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 186k
Mission: ISS025  
Roll - Frame: E - 17440
Geographical Name: RUSSIAN FEDERATION  
Features: LAKE KRONOTSKOE, KRONOTSKY VOLCANO, KRASHENINNIKOV VOLCANO, SCHMIDT VOLCANO  
Center Lat x Lon: 54.8N x 160.5E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: N5
 
Camera Tilt: HO   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 797  
 
Date: 20101119   YYYYMMDD
Time: 230214   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 48.7N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 172.8E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 162   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 188   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 20   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: CALDERA, PENINSULA, VOLCANO  
Water Views: LAKE, OCEAN  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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