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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS016-E-10894 Date: Nov. 2007
Geographic Region: NICARAGUA
Feature: GULF OF FONSECA, SHRIMP FARMS

Ordering information for space photography
 
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  Cosiguina Volcano, Nicaragua

Three Central American countries—El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua—have coastline along the Gulf of Fonseca, which opens into the Pacific Ocean. The southern boundary of the Gulf is a peninsula formed by the Cosigüina Volcano. Cosigüina is a stratovolcano, which is a cone-shaped volcano formed by alternating layers of solidified lava and volcanic rocks produced by explosive eruptions. The summit crater is filled with a lake (Laguna Cosigüina). The volcano last erupted in 1859, but its most famous activity occurred in 1835, when it produced the largest historical eruption in Nicaragua. Ash from the 1835 eruption has been found in Mexico, Costa Rica, and Jamaica.

The volcano has been quiet since 1859, only an instant in terms of geological time. An earthquake swarm was measured near Cosigüina in 2002, indicating that tectonic forces are still active in the region although the volcano is somewhat isolated from the line of more recently active Central American volcanoes to the northwest and southeast. The only indicators of hydrothermal activity at the volcano are intermittently observed gas bubbles in Laguna Cosigüina and a hot spring along the eastern flank of the volcano. The fairly uniform vegetation cover (green) on the volcano’s sides also attest to a general lack of gas emissions or “hot spots” on the 872-meter-high cone.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 307k
Mission: ISS016  
Roll - Frame: E - 10894
Geographical Name: NICARAGUA  
Features: GULF OF FONSECA, SHRIMP FARMS  
Center Lat x Lon: 13.0N x 87.4W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: E4
 
Camera Tilt: 2   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 180  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: E   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 3498  
 
Date: 20071117   YYYYMMDD
Time: 153324   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 13.0N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 87.5W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 136   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 183   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 46   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: CRATER, PENINSULA, VOLCANO  
Water Views: GULF, LAKE, OCEAN  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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