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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS014-E-8138 Date: Nov. 2006
Geographic Region: TURKEY
Feature: GALLIPOLI, CANAKKALE STRAIT

Ordering information for space photography
 
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  Gallipoli and Dardanelles Strait, Turkey:
The city of Gallipoli (Gelibolu in Turkish) sits at a crossroads between the Marmara and Aegean Seas, connected by the Dardanelles Strait. The strait is a 61-kilometer-long drowned valley formed along a fault (fracture in Earth’s crust). The fracture formed as the Arabian, Indian, and African tectonic plates collided with the Eurasian plate during the Tertiary period, approximately 2-65 million years ago. This faulting created the rugged terrain of western Turkey visible in the lower half of this astronaut photograph, as well as the great mountain ranges of the Alps and Himalayas. Plate collision continues today as Turkey moves westward in relation to Eurasia. The movement leads to frequent strike-slip earthquakes (quakes in which the relative ground motion along the fault is forward or backward, rather than up or down.)

The urbanized area of modern Gallipoli is visible as a light gray to pink region at the entrance to the Dardanelles Strait. Water in the Strait flows in both northeast and southwest directions due to opposite surface and undercurrents. The Strait has a long history of strategic importance as it provides a conduit between the Mediterranean and Black Seas, as well as access to Ankara, Turkey’s capital, to the northeast (not shown). Several ships are visible in the Strait to the southwest of Gallipoli (image center left). The Battle of Gallipoli—part of an Allied plan to capture Istanbul, then the capital of the Ottoman Empire—was fought near the city during World War I.

 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 298k
Mission: ISS014  
Roll - Frame: E - 8138
Geographical Name: TURKEY  
Features: GALLIPOLI, CANAKKALE STRAIT  
Center Lat x Lon: 40.4N x 26.7E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: E4
 
Camera Tilt: 11   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 180  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 1606  
 
Date: 20061109   YYYYMMDD
Time: 082318   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 40.4N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 27.3E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 155   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 182   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 29   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: FAULT, MOUNTAIN, VALLEY  
Water Views: STRAIT  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views: GALLIPOLI  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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