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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS013-E-34753 Date: Jun. 2006
Geographic Region: TUNISIA
Feature: CARTHAGE, GULF OF TUNIS

Ordering information for space photography
 
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  Site of Carthage, Tunisia

The city-state of Carthage in North Africa was founded by Phoenician settlers in 814 BC, and it subsequently became the seat of a trade empire that controlled much of the western Mediterranean region (including most of the former Phoenician lands). Carthage was completely destroyed by the Roman Republic during the Third (and final) Punic War (149-146 BC). The end of Carthage has been made notorious by the story that the Romans allegedly sowed the city with salt to ensure that no further rivals to their power would arise there. However, given the great value of salt at the time and the strategic importance of the city’s location, scholars dispute whether the event actually occurred. Following the destruction of Carthage, Roman dominance of the Mediterranean continued until the fall of the Western Empire in AD 476.

The favorable location of the ancient city of Carthage is clear in this astronaut photograph. Bays along the coastline provide ready access to the Gulf of Tunis, which leads to the Mediterranean Sea. Docks along the coastline (lower right) support the shipping industry. Modern Carthage is a wealthy suburb of the Tunis metropolitan area (the center of which is located to the southwest of the image). Dense concentrations of white rooftops are obvious in the residential subdivisions to the north and south of the ancient city location. Large tracts of new developments appear to be in progress along the curving, light-colored roadways to the west of the historical city (lower image center). The green, shallow waters of an evaporating salty lake are visible at image left. Several such lakes are present in Tunisia and are centers for bird-watching tourism.

 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 295k
Mission: ISS013  
Roll - Frame: E - 34753
Geographical Name: TUNISIA  
Features: CARTHAGE, GULF OF TUNIS  
Center Lat x Lon: 36.9N x 10.3E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: E4
 
Camera Tilt: 16   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: E   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 3176  
 
Date: 20060608   YYYYMMDD
Time: 072529   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 36.6N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 9.5E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 88   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 185   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 38   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views:  
Water Views: GULF, LAKE, SEA  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views: TUNIS  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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