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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS012-E-11779 Date: Dec. 2005
Geographic Region: VENEZUELA
Feature: RIO ORINOCO, CIUDAD GUAYANA

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  Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela

Ciudad Guayana lies on the south bank of the Orinoco River, the second largest in South America, at its confluence with the Caroní River (lower left). Islands have developed in the Orinoco in a wide spot opposite the city (upper left). Guayana is one of the newest cities in Venezuela, constructed in 1961 as a new economic center for the interior of Venezuela, especially for major industries such as iron, steel, and aluminum. The city stretches 40 kilometers along the south bank of the Orinoco. With approximately 800,000 people, it is one of Venezuela’s largest urban populations.

A low barrage (lower left) dams the Caroní as a water supply for the city. The Orinoco River is a muddy brown, carrying sediment produced by erosion of the Andes Mountains far to the southwest. By contrast, the Caroní is clear blue, as it drains the ancient landscapes of the Guyana Highlands, where erosion is much slower. As at the famous confluence of the muddy Amazon and clear Negro rivers in Amazonia, a mixing zone can be seen in the middle of this image. The clear Caroní water produces a less muddy zone for tens of kilometers downstream of the confluence (this part of the Orinoco flows almost due east, left to right).

 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 268k
Mission: ISS012  
Roll - Frame: E - 11779
Geographical Name: VENEZUELA  
Features: RIO ORINOCO, CIUDAD GUAYANA  
Center Lat x Lon: 8.4N x 62.6W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 25
 
Camera: E4
 
Camera Tilt: 46   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 400  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 314  
 
Date: 20051208   YYYYMMDD
Time: 161153   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 7.2N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 59.5W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 190   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 192   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 60   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: EROSION  
Water Views: RIVER, SEDIMENT  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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