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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS010-E-9287 Date: Dec. 2004
Geographic Region: HOWLAND ISLAND
Feature: HOWLAND ISLAND

Ordering information for space photography
 
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  Howland Island, Pacific Ocean

Howland Island is a United States possession located in the north Pacific between Australia and the Hawaiian Islands. Prior to 1890, organic nitrate (guano) was mined from the island by both the United States and the British. This tiny island (1.6 km2) is currently part of the U.S. National Wildlife Refuge system, and provides nesting areas and forage for a variety of birds and marine wildlife.

The island is composed of coral fragments and is surrounded by an active fringing reef. White breakers encircling the island indicate the position of the reef. Astronauts aboard the International Space Station photograph numerous reefs around the world as part of a global mapping and monitoring program. High-resolution images such as this one are used to update geographic maps of reefs and islands, assess the health of reef ecosystems, and calculate bathymetry of the surrounding ocean bottom.

 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 264k
Mission: ISS010  
Roll - Frame: E - 9287
Geographical Name: HOWLAND ISLAND  
Features: HOWLAND ISLAND  
Center Lat x Lon: .8N x 176.6W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: E4
 
Camera Tilt: 41   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 2496  
 
Date: 20041203   YYYYMMDD
Time: 185548   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 2.7N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 174.6W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 115   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 192   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 19   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: ISLAND  
Water Views: OCEAN, REEF  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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