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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS010-E-13079 Date: Jan. 2005
Geographic Region: INDONESIA-S
Feature: RAYA I., COAST, TSUNAMI DAMAGE

Ordering information for space photography
 
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  No Lores Image Available
 
  Tsunami Damage, Northwestern Sumatra (Indonesia)

On December 26, 2004, a large (magnitude 9.0) earthquake occurred off the western coast of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. The earthquake was caused by the release of stresses accumulated as the Burma tectonic plate overrides the India tectonic plate. Movement of the seafloor due to the earthquake generated a tsunami, or seismic sea wave, that affected coastal regions around the Indian Ocean. The northwestern Sumatra coastline in particular suffered extensive damage and loss of life. These astronaut photographs illustrate damage along the southwestern coast of Aceh Province in the vicinity of the city of Lho’ Kruet, Indonesia.

Large areas of bare and disturbed soil (brownish gray) that were previously covered with vegetation are visible along the coastline in the near-nadir (top) image. Embayments in the coastline were particularly hard hit, while adjacent headlands were less affected. The oblique (lower) astronaut photograph was acquired 45 seconds after the near-nadir photograph, and captures sunglint illuminating the Indian Ocean and standing water inland (light gray, yellow). Distortion and scale differences in the images are caused by increased obliquity of the view from the International Space Station. Arrows on the photographs indicate several points of comparison between the two images. Standing bodies of seawater may inhibit revegetation of damaged areas and act as sources of salt contamination in soil and groundwater.


 
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Images: Images: NO IMAGES YET
Mission: ISS010  
Roll - Frame: E - 13079
Geographical Name: INDONESIA-S  
Features: RAYA I., COAST, TSUNAMI DAMAGE  
Center Lat x Lon: 4.8N x 95.4E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: E4
 
Camera Tilt: 26   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 400  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: SW   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 3165  
 
Date: 20050115   YYYYMMDD
Time: 074449   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 6.1N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 96.2E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 227   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 190   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 50   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: COAST  
Water Views: OCEAN, SEA, SUNGLINT, WAVE  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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