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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS010-E-12103 Date: Dec. 2004
Geographic Region: SOUTH KOREA
Feature: SEOUL AT NIGHT

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  Seoul, South Korea

The city of Seoul (originally known as Hanyang) has been the capitol of Korea for more than 600 years. It became the capitol of South Korea as part of that country’s independence in 1949. Despite this long history, Seoul is a thoroughly modern megacity that has a population of over 10 million people. As the dominant (or “primate”) city in South Korea, Seoul is a major force in regional politics, finance, culture, and education.

This astronaut photograph illustrates the Seoul urban area at night. Major roadways and river courses (such as the Han River) are clearly outlined by street lights, while the brightest lights indicate the downtown urban core (center of image) and large industrial complexes. One such complex is located at the far left of the image and occupies an island in the Yellow Sea. Very dark regions in the image are mountains or large bodies of water. Nighttime images have been used extensively in urban climate and urban growth research to map the extent of urban (bright) versus rural (dark) regions.


 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 289k
Mission: ISS010  
Roll - Frame: E - 12103
Geographical Name: SOUTH KOREA  
Features: SEOUL AT NIGHT  
Center Lat x Lon: 37.5N x 127.0E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: N1
 
Camera Tilt: HO   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 58  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: W   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 2840  
 
Date: 20041225   YYYYMMDD
Time: 161628   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 48.2N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 151.3E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 61   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 187   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: -53   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: ISLAND  
Water Views: RIVER, SEA  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: URBAN AREA  
City Views: SEOUL  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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